Causes Of Divorce From the past to present, people all over the world have been determined to live together, which is called “getting married” in another word, so that they depend on each other for living. Nevertheless, some couples are unable to maintain their relationship; therefore they choose divorce, which is one of the solutions to cope with problems between a husband and wife. Furthermore, most people think carefully before they get married. However, the divorce rates trend to continually increase nowadays, thus it might be argued that divorces can be taken place easier than the past. There are also two effects of the recent increase of divorce rates: negative effects and positive effects.
The patterns of marriage, divorce and cohabitation over the past 40 years has varied quite significantly. In 1972, the highest ever number of couples (480,000) since the Second World War got married. Now, obviously there is a reason for this. According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS), this was due to the baby boom generation of the 1950s reaching marriageable age and these people choosing to marry at a younger age compared with previous generations. However, after this period, the number of marriages in England and Wales then went into decline.
From my own research I discovered that the average amount spent on a wedding is 21,000 which also happens to be the average pay in the UK –meaning that the amount some people earn in a year can be spent on their wedding. With the country currently in a recession and many people on ‘pay freezes’ (meaning that their salaries won’t increase for a period of time due to the government’s or their companies financial difficulties) lots of people simply cannot afford to get married. The amount of divorces has also increased in the UK. From my research I found that in 1970 there were 415,487 marriages in the UK and 58,239
From the past to present, people all over the world have determined to live together, which is called “marriage” in another word, so that they depend on for living each other. Nevertheless, some couples are unable to maintain their relationship; therefore they choose divorce, which is one of the solutions to cope with problems between husband and wife. Furthermore, most people think carefully before they get marriage. However, the divorce rates trend to continually increase nowadays, thus it might be argued that divorces can be taken place easier than the past. There are three main causes of divorce: changing woman’s roles, stress in modern living and lack of communication, and financial status.
Segregated conjugal roles were when the couple had separate roles; the male was the breadwinner and the female was the caregiver. Joint conjugal roles is said to be the more modern role, it is where the couple share tasks such as housework and childcare and spend their leisure time together so the family is now symmetrical. The family is more symmetrical because the roles of the husband and wife are similar as more women are now working and more men are helping out with housework and childcare. Willmott and Young believe the family is isolated from kin/extended family and that they are more privatised as they tend to keep to themselves more. They believe the family has also become more home centred as they have stopped being as work centred.
According to Dumas and Péron (1992), between the end of the 1960s and the mid 1980s, the divorce rate increased fivefold. In 1995, the most recent year for which data are available, there were approximately 77,000 divorces granted in Canada, a rate of 262 per 100,000 people (Statistics Canada, 1997). According to a report prepared by the Bureau of Review (1990), Statistics Canada estimates that almost one-third of all Canadian marriages will end in divorce. Moreover, it is estimated that one in two divorce cases involve dependent children, illustrating that each year a substantial number of children are affected by divorce. According to the report, in the late 1980s, approximately 74,000 children became "children of divorce".
In 1961 the number of divorces increased from 27,000 to 153,000 by 2006. The number doubled and doubled again by the 1970’s. By the time a child is 16, one in four of them will experience a parental divorce. The changes in the law take huge part for the changes in the divorce rate. We know that in the past, divorce was very hard to get as it was only legal for the men to file a divorce.
Recent studies by both the Government and independent groups have shown that the divorce rate in The United States has increased by 30 percent in the past fifty years. Today almost half of all babies in the United States are born to unmarried women. Recently the Bush administration proposed spending almost two billion dollars to promote marriage. Despite many efforts by the Government to promote marriage we still have one of the highest divorce rates in the world. Some groups believe that the conflict isn’t about research, however, about values.
Parsons developed these ideas in 1955 and he believes it is beneficial to have this split of roles as each job is done better by the gender most suited to it, for example, women are said to be more suitable to deal with the families emotional needs. On the other hand some views dismiss Parsons’ ideas. Young and Wilmott (1957) say men are now taking on more domestic tasks; this is a march of progress view. This would suggest that marriage and family life have improved for women as they are receiving more assistance from their spouses. They believe the number of symmetrical families is rising, with women going out to work and men helping with housework and childcare with the couple having joint conjugal roles.
Firstly, they might have financial crisis due to which they might had opted for working .Secondly, what is the use if the women is well educated and they are making themselves locked behind the doors and living only for the family. Some people think that they should come out of the well and see the world and impart their knowledge to others and make them enlightened. Thirdly, people think in a broader sense they can know that women should not only shape up the family but also the nation, for which both women and men should play constructively to prosper the world. However, I believe that women are the person who is next to god in this heavenly world. They are the person who takes care of their children and shape their children's future and reproduce the perfect citizens of our world.