J.C. Kincaid claims that "from the point of view of capitalism the low-wage sector helps to underpin and stabilize the whole structure of wages and the conditions of employment of the working class." Differentials in wages help to fragment the working-class; if wages were similar, greater unity and a single class-consciousness might be encouraged, with a possible threat to the capitalist class as a result. Kincaid states "It is not to be expected that any Government whose main concern is with the efficiency of a capitalist economy is going to take effective steps to abolish the low wage sector." Westergaard and Resler attack the idea that the welfare state has led to a more equitable redistribution of wealth. Payments to the poor are generally levied from the working classes.
Marx believed within the capital society there were two types of social classes the ruling class (bourgeoisie) and the working class (proletariat). His theory was the proletariat own nothing and the bourgeoisie owned all the means of production. Friedrich Engels was also a father of Marxist theory alongside Karl Marx. In 1884 Engels believed several theories of the functions of the N.F. It was to allow husbands to control their wives and this was to ensure the paternity of the sons.
The assumption that the main role of the family is to solely promote capitalism is a view expressed by Marxists. Marxists claim the sole purpose of the family is to promote social class inequalities and act as a haven for capitalism. Marxists argue the nuclear family promotes the interests of the bourgeoisie at the expense of the proletariat. Such interests appear to be promoted in a number of ways throughout various aspects of family life. Marxists state the nuclear family performs ideological functions as it promotes ruling class ideology.
Assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of families and households (24 marks) Marxists have very different views on the family compared to other key sociologists. They believe that the only purpose of the family is to feed back into the capitalist society. Marxists see all society’s institutions as helping to maintain class inequality and Capitalism. Marists views have been criticised by other sociologists that believe the family does not only benefit society but the members of the family themselves. Marxist believes that society is in a state of conflict between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
While functionalist sociologists see society as based on value consensus, Marxist sociologists see capitalist society as based on an unequal conflict between two social classes: the capitalist class who owns the means of production and the working class, whose labour the capitalists exploit for profits. Marxists see
In this essay I will discuss the Marxist view of the family. Marxists believe that the traditional nuclear family is the best type because they support the capitalist society. A key Marxist sociologist is Engels, he believes that family has the best structure of a capitalist society within its traditional gender roles. They favour this because it provides stability and socialises is the family into roles that support the capitalist ideology. Engels believes in the inheritance of private property to the correct off spring.
Marxists believe that we live in a capitalist society and that society is divided into two classes: the bourgeoisie, the ruling class, and the proletariat, the working class. Capitalism is an economic system in which trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit (the bourgeoisie). As it states in item 2b, Marxists argue that the family help maintain the class inequality and exploitation in society and they do it to serve the interests of capitalism. This view has been criticised by functionalist and feminist sociologists. Marxists consider that the family provides the function of inheritance of property.
The basic way to describe socialism is a lighter form of communism. I don't agree with the authors ideas on government because it is know about eighty years after the story was written and we have gotten along just fine while other countries have relied on communism and collapsed. Sinclair’s purpose in writing The Jungle was to persuade people to join the socialist party and to adopt the view that socialism is the only way to conquer the capitalistic empires that abuse the working class. The socialist ethic is that the general public will have joint ownership of the factory. Sinclair uses many clever devices in order to get his readers to agree with this ethic.
ï»¿Examine the Marxist view of the family Marxists believe that the nuclear family is dominant in capitalistâs society. They see the family as performing essential functions, but negative functions. These functions benefit the minority in power (bourgeoisie) and the economy. The functions disadvantage the working class society (proletant). Marxists believe that the family is a unit of consumption.
According to Marxists, the role of the education system is to provide workers for every part of the economy. Support for this Marxist view comes from Althusser he believes that the education system performs two functions; the reproducing of class inequality in the way that children are judged based on things they no control over for example their names and parents occupation resulting in them being consciously/unconsciously treat differently,this could then have an impact on how they behave and achieve in later years at school, and the other being legitimising class inequality. Althusser also mentions how school transmits ruling class ideology which states that capitalism is just and reasonable. Other sociologist like Bowls and Gintis highlight a strong correspondence between what is learnt in schools and what is required in workers for the Capitalist system. For example, they found that in school the pupils who succeed the most are obedient and unquestioning, rather than independent and inquisitive.