Examine the Main Trends in Births and Death Rates in the United Kingdom Since 1900.

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Examine the main trends in births and death rates in the United Kingdom since 1900. As the country’s population changes they are factors that contribute to the change in population. The main factors that affect population change in a country are birth and death rates. Over the years birth rates have largely declined leading to smaller family size due to various reasons, these reasons include a lower infant mortality, change in position of women and also change in position of children. Although there has been in a decrease in birth rate in the UK, net migration has lead to slight increase in the total fertility rate in the UK. This is because, there are more young women moving from other countries to the UK since they have an above average fertility. There was change in position of women in the 20th century which contributed largely to declining of birth rates. The changes mainly include legal equality with men e.g. right to vote, more education opportunities for girls, change in women role in family and women are now able to have paid jobs. Another reason that has led to decrease in child birth is the introduction of contraception. Legalisation of abortion is another factor that has contributed to the decline in birth rates over the recent years. This has led to women have the power to control their own fertility. These changes have allowed women able to choose whether to have children at all or delay childbearing. Sociologists argue that infant mortality rate has led to fall of birth rates because parents have more kids to replace the ones they’ve lost. By dissimilarity infant survival means that parents will have fewer children. During the 20th century, in the UK infant mortality rate began to fall. This was caused by many various reasons which include; improved housing and better sanitation, better nutrition better clinical services for both children and
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