Since the beginning of the 20th century there has been a change to the UK population. There are several reasons for this including changing laws and changes in society. Medical advances have also led to a difference within the ages of people in the UK population. The birth rate has decreased significantly since 1900 (Item B). One reason for this is the reliable contraception that has become available.
The death rate has fallen since 1900, which could be due to improvements in healthcare or the improved nutrition which has accounted for the reduction in death rates. However there are consequences for the decreasing death rate and one major consequence of this is the ageing population. The UK date rate refers to the overall number of deaths per year. In 2010, the death rates decreased to 493,242 which is a reduction of the death rate from 600,000 deaths per year in the early 1900s. There have been several reasons for the decline in death rate, and one of the reasons include the improved nutrition that the UK has achieved during the 1900s.
Examine the reasons for and the consequences of the fall in death rate since 1900. (24 marks) The death rate counts the amount of people who die per thousand of the UK population per year. Since 1900, the death rate has almost halved from 19 to 10 per thousand. Although the population has rose considerably since 1900’s. During the early 1900’s, there has been certain factors which increased the death rate such as the 2 world wars and the flu epidemic in 1918.
From the beginning, wifehood and motherhood have been regarded as a women’s profession. They were not seen as breadwinners or professionals. As history has told us, women were considered the weaker sex, doing jobs such as laundry, milking cows, and taking care of children, leaving the “heavier” labor to the big strong men (wic.org). With technological advancement today, physiological test suggest women have a greater pain tolerance and statistics show that women live longer and are more resistant to many diseases. In the 20th century, women in most nations won the right to vote, this in return increased their educational and job opportunities.
If we look at D1, we can measure that because the baby population was lower, baby sitters were cheaper. Yet, as the baby population increases to D2, the price also increases due to the shortage of means. Notice also the point of equilibrium moving up and to the right where D2 intersects S1. 2. What is the effect on the market for an hour of babysitting services 14 years into the future, after the birth rate has returned to normal, by which time children born today, during this increased birthrate, will be old enough to work as babysitters?
At stage 2, the DTM starts to change, with the total population increasing, due to a fall in the death rate and a still high birth rate. This can be seen in many developing countries now, such as Ethiopia, and many others from Africa. The death rate falls due to an increase in the availability and effectiveness of healthcare, and also due to an increase in the mechanisation of work, causing less people to die while working from accidents. The birth rate however remains high, as it takes time for the population to fully realise that less children are dying, and therefore they do not need to have as many children in order to support themselves. Another reason due to the high birth rate in countries such as Ethiopia is the lack of use of contraceptives.
This undermines their motivation and self-esteem therefore they give up on trying to do well in education and have a fatalistic attitude towards it. Another reason why girls achieve better could be because of the changes in the family. There is now an increase of the number lone-parent female headed families and these changes are affecting girls attitudes towards education. This could be because an increased number of female headed lone-parent families means that
These resources are used to portray the chronological changes in the Chinese society and how these fluctuations have impacted the suicide rates. The decade of the 1990s began with some of the highest suicide rates around the world, however, the major economic and political shifts consequently reduced the suicide rates by the year 2000. The society started getting used to the novel financial and societal model and finally began reaping the benefits. The decade of the 2000s presented some vital alterations in the model of the Chinese suicide. For example, both urban and rural suicide rates decreased, male suicide rates became higher than those of the females, and elderly suicide significantly increased.
They are also not having babies or having them later so that they can pursue single lifestyle which means that by the time they have done this they have less time to have babies which means if they do decide to have children they will have less due to the time they have spent being single. A lot of women now have become a lot more independent and are concentrating on their career. Contraception has also improved a lot since the 1900’s this now means that women can choose whether they want to have children or not and still have a sexual relationship whereas before if you wanted to have sex you would most probably become pregnant. In the 1900’s children were less likely to survive due to the health conditions and lack of health care, now there is the NHS free health care for people so babies have a lot more chance of surviving so mothers don’t need to have as many children because the chance of them surviving is a lot higher than it used to be. Women are choosing to have babies later which is also causing the birth rate to drop this is because there is less stigma on having babies t an older age so women are waiting and not worrying what people might think.
In the UK, divorce has become a lot easier for women so more women are escaping an unhappy marriage and choosing to get divorced. The welfare state provides benefits for single parent families, so women are able to support their children on their own. These include child benefits, housing benefits and tax credits. This could encourage women to get divorced, hence leading to an increase in single parent families. Refugees have also been made available for women by the government, which have allowed women to escape domestic violence.