Examine the Effect of Social Change on Position of Children

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Examine the effect of social change on the position of children. The position of children has changed dramatically over the past 100 years. Social changes that have happened in society, for instance the child labour laws, compulsory education and the fall in infant mortality have had a huge impact on the social change on the position of children and viewed in society. Sociologist have argued weather or not children’s lives are improved as a result of these changes they also see childhood as a socially constructed, which means that it’s something created and defined by society. They argue that the position that children occupy in society is not fixed, but differs between times, places and cultures. Childhood is not fixed but socially constructed, we know this as there are many laws out there which have been put there to construct the way childhood should be. It is generally accepted in our society today that childhood is a very special time of life, and that children are fundamentally different from adults. Sociologist such as Jane Pilcher sees it that children have a certain lack of skills, knowledge and experience and need a long time before they mature into adults and are responsible to understand the responsibilities that come with adulthood. As Jane Pilcher (1995) believes the most important feature of the modern idea of childhood is separateness. Childhood is seen as a clear and a distinct life stage, and children in our society occupy a separate status from adults taking in the account of how much time they would spend with the family, children in today’s modern society are more isolated from their parents and do not bond enough with them. This separateness is emphasised in many different ways, for example, there are laws which regulate what children can and can’t do for example laws restricting child labour, no smoking also law says that children have to
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