Examine the Different Functions Performed by the Family for Individuals and Society.

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In this essay I will examine the different functions performed by the family for individuals and society by exploring ideas expressed by the different sociologist groups including functionalism and Marxism. Functionalists had a strong belief that the family is a positive foundation. There view on the family is one that works well with the needs of an industrial society for a workforce that is not just geographically mobile but also socially mobile. This idea they believe benefits all aspects of society is that all families should be a nuclear family and by this they mean the husband is the bread winner this is a role to support the family his wife and children, functionalists call this the instrumental role. The expectation in a nuclear family is that the wife stays at home and looks after the children, she would clean and cook and provide the emotion in the family and they call this the expressive role. As for the children the male child would be expected to follow in the footsteps of his father and the female child to follow the mother. Functionalists create this image that the family is like a machine all parts work together within the society and also within the family creating a society that ran efficiently. As well as this the family has positive aspects on individuals rather than just society Talcott parsons recognised the family played a part in the primary socialisation of children, this teaches them the values and norms of society , parsons also exposed us to another function, the stabilisation of adult personalities this is a way in which adults cope with life as a result of the support and love expressed by family members. Murdock, Another functionalist adds to parsons strong ideas of the functions of the family in society Murdock argues the nuclear family is internationally essential for society to run efficiently. Murdock supports the function of
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