Examine the Different Functions Performed by the Family for Individuals and for Society.

633 Words3 Pages
Examine the different functions performed by the family for individuals and for society. There are many functions performed by a family, however these have declined since industrialisation. In the essay I will be delving into different views of the family and what its role is in society. There are three main views on the family these are; Functionalist, Marxist and feminist, each has its own unique outlook on how a family should be run. The functionalist outlook is that there are shared norms which everyone in the society must follow to work together to achieve the society’s needs. This means that the family must work alongside the education and health services for societies needs to be met. This is often compared to the human body as is one area of the body stops working properly the whole body will stop working. Murdock argued that the Family must perform four essential tasks to meet these needs. Murdock suggested that the family must create a stable satisfaction of the sex drive, Reproduction of the next generation, socialisation of the young and meeting the families’ economic needs. Talcott and Parsons later suggested that Murdock’s suggested roles of society had changed with industrialisation as the workforce had to be socially and geographically mobile for the industries and this is easier with nuclear families rather than extended families. He also argued that the family had lost two of its roles as industrialisation brought along specialised social institutions such as education and hospitals leaving the need for only the socialisation of young and the satisfaction of the sex drive. Within the nuclear families the mother and farther were appointed roles as males have instrumental characteristics making them more fit for work and females have expressive characteristics making them more fit for child care. This may be criticised as the functions may vary
Open Document