Examine the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God. (25)

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Examine the cosmological argument for the existence of God. (25) St. Thomas Aquinas was a priest during the 13th century and an influential philosopher. Thomas Aquinas developed the cosmological argument by using the basis of Aristotle’s theories in Christian philosophy and theory, mostly by using the idea of empiricism designed to make his argument more credible and logical, and therefore acceptable. While there are a few strengths to this argument, pointed out in the Kalam argument and by Copleston, there are also weaknesses, presented by critics such as Russell and David Hume. Aquinas split the cosmological into three separate parts, three ways that he used to argue for God’s existence. The first argument for the existence of God from the cosmological argument is motion. This argument states that everything in existence is in motion or has the potential to change. This must mean that the change or motion has to be caused by something, must be initiated by something. Therefore, Aquinas concluded, there must be a first mover, an unmoved mover which starts the motion, and that this must be God. This can be compared to a line of dominoes. When one knocks into the next, it hits the next one, which sets into motion the next one and so on. However, there must be something pushing the first domino over. This thing starting the motion or change could be equated to God when comparing the domino analogy to Aquinas’ argument. Aquinas’ second way of arguing for the existence of God is causation. He argues that everything must be caused by something as nothing can cause itself (this would mean that it existed before it began, which is impossible). This must therefore mean that there is a first cause, a force that was the initial cause, not depending on anything else to come into existence, to be caused, implying that it caused itself. This means that there must be a
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