Examine One Interaction Between Cognition and Physiology in Terms of Behaviour. Evaluate Two Relevant Studies.

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In the following essay, I will attempt to uncover the assumptions and interrelationships of cognition and physiology in terms of behaviour of amnesia. I will explore 4 different studies in relation to cognition and physiology, and evaluate their positive points and negative points. Firstly however, we must define what cognition and physiology stand for in terms of psychology. Cognition is the mental process of gaining and processing knowledge and understanding through thinking, experiencing and through the senses for example, perception, attention, language, memory and thinking. Physiology is the way the organism functions through internal and biological living mechanisms. Amnesia can be defined as the inability to learn new or recall old information. There is an interaction between biological and cognitive factors in amnesia. The Loss of memory may be as a result of brain injury or deterioration, shock, fatigue, senility, drug use, alcoholism, anesthesia, illness, or neurotic reaction. Amnesia may be anterograde (in which events following the causative trauma or disease are forgotten) or retrograde (in which events preceding the trauma or disease are forgotten). It can often be traced to a severe emotional shock, in which case personal memories (in effect, identity) rather than such abilities as language skills are affected. In amnesia patients, an episodic memory (memories linked to a certain place and time) is affected to a greater extent than semantic memory (memories for the meaning of information). Amnesia interacts directly in correlation with physiology because memory loss is most commonly caused by brain damage. The affected area of the brain is caused the hippocampi, which belongs to the limbic system and plays important roles in the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory, therefore directly affecting the cognitive

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