Examine and Assess the Claim That Although ‘ the State Is Certainly There to Keep Its Citizens in Awe [...], the State Also Depends on Those Same Citizens for Its Very Existence’. Essay

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This is not only that but a new layout for roads and towns. The amount of vehicles (on) -in- our roads demands a reasonable control of the traffic and pedestrians to avoid fatalities. In this essay I will explain the two different concepts used to +(bring)? order +(to)? the traffic, using Buchanan’s modernist and Monderman flexible approaches I will compare and contrast these two throughout this essay. Colin Buchanan was a British town planner and became well known after his traffic report, known as Buchanan Report. His report was commissioned by the British government to improve the traffic in British road and relieve the congestion in towns, this issue had a great political importance at the time. After the Second World War there were over 46 billion motor vehicles-kilometres in UK roads. (Ministry of Transport, cited in Silva, 2009, p. 326) By the time the Buchanan was commissioned to work on this issue, the traffic had already doubled and by 1969 it had quadrupled. (The) -This- vehicles’ growth on British roads had an important part on the process of creation of social order. Buchanan used statistic data to support his evidence. This data -shown- (showed) an increasing number of motor-vehicle owners and users, Buchanan believed that public spaces were dominated by motor-vehicles and that posed a threat to pedestrians, at that time mobility and car ownership were seen as a symbol of material success. The public spaces like roads and walking paths were designed to be segregated; driving and walking were seen as incompatible, considering pedestrians and drivers unable to share spaces. (Silva, 2009, p .329). Traffic should be restricted by rules and physical boundaries set by authorities, using traffic lights, road markings, warning signs, speed bumps, etc. According to Buchanan theory, the roles of the authorities were to set and implement rules to make sure

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