E.W Burgess model of transition

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E.W Burgess E.W Burgess was an American researcher who devised this model in 1925, which claimed that cities are composed of concentric zones. He looked at Chicago and drew up a theory that suggested that the city started life as a small nucleus which continuously expanded onwards as the population grew. Zone 1 comprises of the Central Business District (CBD) which is present in all cities. It is the most accessible to the largest number of people and contains services such as shops, banks, offices etc... According to this model, the residential structure of this zone consists of multi-story buildings, as land is very expensive, therefore, are built upwards to save cost. Zone 2 also known as “twilight zone” is a zone of transition. It houses families with low incomes in 19th century terraced buildings with no gardens. The quality of the dwellings in this zone is poor as it is the oldest part of the city. It also consists of a grid-iron street pattern. Zone 3 consists of semi-detached housing with gardens in large estates. Less expensive private estates also here. Zone 4 is also known as the “commuter zone”. It is a high class residential area with private and top quality housing which are either detached or semi-detached and contain gardens. Population and housing densities are lower than in zone 3. Zone 5 consists of the countryside surrounding the urban area. It can also include villages in which town/city workers live. Since the most recent residential areas are in the outer suburbs, the newest buildings are on the cities edge. Taking for example the property supplement from the Irish Times dated Thursday, November 15th 2007 advertised my Hamilton Osbourne King. Here we see many modern houses for sale in the outer suburbs of Foxrock, Blackrock and Sandyford. This bears out Burgess’ concentric circle model of urban structure. Another clear factor which
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