Evolution of Management Thought Essay

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Evolution of management thought Introduction: Modern managers use many of the practices, principal, and techniques developedfrom earlier concepts and experience. In 1975, Raymond E. Miles wrote Theories of Management: Implicationsfor organizational behavior and development. In it, he evaluated managementincludes classical, human relations, and human resources management. __The development of management thought has been evaluated in nature under thefollowing four parts:1.Pre-Scientific Management Era (before 1880)2.Classical management Era (1880-1930)3.Neo-classical Management Era (1930-1950)4.Modern Management era(1950-on word) Classical Management : includes1.Scientific Management School2.Administration Management school3.Bureaucracy Management. Neo- classical Management : includes1.Human relation school2.Behavioral Management School Modern Management : includes1.Social system school 2. Decision theory school 3. Quantitative Management school4.System Management school5.Contingency Management school. Bureaucracy Management: Max Weber known as father of modern Sociology analyzed bureaucracy as themost logical & structure for large organization. Features of Bureaucracy Rational authority:This is based on law, procedures, rules, and so on.Positional authority:Positional authority of superior over a subordinate stems from legal authority.Charismatic authority:Charismatic authority stems from the personal qualities of an individual. Principal of Bureaucracy 1. Clearly defined and specialized functions.2.Use of legal authority;3.Hierarchical form;4.Written rules and procedures;5.Technically trained bureaucrats; 6. Appointment to positions based on technical expertise;7.Promotions based on competence;8.Clearly defined career paths. Scientific Management Frederick Taylor, known as the father of Scientific Management, Published Principals

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