Evolution Of Forensic Science And Criminology

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Evolution of Forensic Science and Criminology Misti Tull Everest Online CJE-1640-1m Evolution of Forensic Science and Criminology Sir Francis Galton has contributed many things on fingerprinting but the major one has been finding the method of classifying them for study. In 1892 he printed a book titled Finger Prints this book stated the statistics on the method of personal identification. (Page 8 ch 1) Mathieu Orfila is known as the father of toxicology, he is known of this because in 1814 he was the first person to print a book on the detection of poisons and their effects on animals. The book establishes forensic toxicology as a legitimate study. (Page 7 ch1) One contribution is the journal he has written is about the improved methods of scientific crime detection and this still reports today. The second contribution is his treatise written about scientific disciplines in the field of criminal investigations. (Page 8 ch 1) Karl Landsteiner figured out how to divide blood into groups and today there are four different groups A,B,AB,O. Then Leone Lattes takes this information and puts it to work with figuring out the types of blood with dried blood.(pg10 ch1) The first person to apply the principals of forensic science was Edmond Locard, he began in the attic of the Lyons police department. Several years later he became the founder and director of the Institute of Criminalistic at the University of Lyons, this the quickly developed into a leading international place for forensic science. (pg11ch1) This principal is that when two object come in contact with each other there is cross contamination. He believed that when there is something carried from a crime scene the criminal can be connected to the crime. (pg 11 ch 1) The instrument that Dr. Walter C. McCrone used was the Microscope. With this he became the most sought after instructor and microscopist

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