HY2 past paper d) How useful are sources A,E and F in understanding Nazi Germany 1933-1939?The three sources as a whole give a general idea on Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1939 but these sources – as bias material – don’t give a very well rounded view. The Czechoslovakian cartoon shows a very bias view of Germany in 1938, during this time Hitler was starting to invade surrounding lands and would have had a bad name among many European countries. The cartoon shows an SS officer controlling an artist which with my hindsight can see is a very useful source in understanding that others felt that the Nazis were controlling many aspects of Germany at the time. It is now a common opinion that Goebbels controlled all propaganda, including art, making sure that all media types were supporting the Nazi regime thus indoctrinating the German people. This source also shows that terror helped control the Germans and what they said or showed publicly.
Even though Todt had built up a vast organization it was with much inefficiency, such as resources being diverted into non-essential consumer production as toasters, that was intended to keep German public life normal as possible and keep their support in the bid for war, other inefficiencies included some factories still operating on single shifts. Speer without delay demanded the increase of armaments production, however Nazi ideology opposed of using women for war work as they believed that a women's place was to have children, in the kitchen or church summed up in the slogan ˜Kinder, Kuche und Kirche,' and even though Speer saw through the benefits of this and to an extent protested, but without avail he was resorted with the use of much of the workforce of armaments production which was done through a vast human cost exploiting the use of labor in the concentration camps and in occupied countries. Speer made a remarkable transformation with regards to the boost of numbers to the production of the armaments output between 1941- 42 and 1944- 45. It was said that Speer himself with the use of his organizational skills was able in directing fourteen million workers and was responsible for the whole of the German war economy who also maintained in helping out
The peace of the mighty proved that to be wrong. The German Army in the field, although battered was still formidable in the eyes of the German leadership. They had gone to the peace table hoping for scraps and got the business end of the newspaper. The German Peace Delegation was forced to assume blame for the war, and then sit helplessly by as territories it felt were largely inhabited with Germans were made part of other states. The Germans had come to the table hoping to hear Wilson saying, “the equality of nations upon which peace much be founded on if it is to last must be an equality of rights..” (German Peace Delegation, p. 76) Instead they were hit with several Billion reichmarks in reparations, a reduced military and many other limitations politically, economically, militarily and territory wise (The Versailles Treaty, 1918).
German immigrants faced discrimination based on ideology, geography, and religion. As they attempted to find their new way of life, they frequently experienced discrimination in housing, education, and employment. The discrimination experienced also led to a “glass ceiling” that prevented them from advancing in the workforce. They were socially unaccepted because of their affiliation with drinking and politically faced with prejudice because of their opposition to prohibition. Germans opposed prohibition not only because of their fondness of liquor, but also because they had a strong hand in the manufacture of
These grievances, in the German states, led to both positive and negative responses. Examples of compassion were shown by the upper class Germans who responded well to the economic situations. However, there were also people like Martin Luther who were violent and harsh. The revolt was terminated with the death of many serfs. Lutheranism was expressed in the recent doctrines, which were the ideology behind the revolts of 1520.
Colonization in Rwanda was beginning to have a negative effect on the people in the country. Both the Hutus and Tutsis, and even Twa were striving for control over the country, but since the Belgian’s had gained control over the country from Germany after WW1 they gave the rule over to the minority Tutsis. From the Belgian’s point of view, they thought that the Tutsis were more “white” looking and that was the reason why they gained control. On the other hand the majority Hutus weren’t getting nearly as many good things as the Tutsis were receiving. Hutus didn’t have the right to own land, or sustain a position in the government, and were denied higher education for the kids.
What came along the effects of The Depression was the soaring unemployment rate as well as the poor living and working conditions that much of the population had to endure, this caused the people of Germany to look to the government for support. When the republic failed to help their people, the citizens of Germany turned away from the government and instead turned to the the Nazi party, with its nationalistic ideology which seemed promising and an appealing alternative to the Weimer
Compassionate reasons where one of the underlying reasons many historians argue upon the realise of the report on poverty from booth and rowntree in their study of the English town York , a town not normally associated with extreme poverty they found 29% of the population were well below the poverty line. Another reason was the very real fear workers were discouraged by the poor conditions and governments and may later turn against the government and form mass strikes or in serious cases rebellion or join the communist groups within Britain. Political self interest was high on the liberal’s agenda many historians argue. The franchise was being extended to the average man slowly and the liberals realised the average man did not benefit much from the government’s approach to peoples life’s and with the rise of the labour party and other parties many historians argue that it was out of desire to be re-elected that the liberals slowly brought about this change in reform. They didn’t get a majority government in 1910 like they did in 1906 which led them to think that social reform was the way to gain votes.
However, ironically, the rare ones who spoke honestly were put to death. In the Brave New World, the government also strategically uses this fear to elevate their control. People of the Worldstate do not fear things we tend to fear such as death or unemployment, instead, they fear isolation. Those who are considered a threat to the “stability” of the society are isolated as a consequence, the example being Bernard. The Salem citizens and the Worldstate citizens, in a way, are similar to the Germans of the 1935.
* Along the same lines as the failure of the League of Nations, the short term failure of the appeasement policy of British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in the late 1930s was a contributory factor, especially after Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia in 1938/39. However, Chamberlain reflected the popular feeling within Britain and should not be judged too harshly: as Churchill said later 'to jaw, jaw is always better than war,