However, pensioners will be hit hard because the extra income they earn from saving will have dramatically reduced, making them worse off. On the other hand, savers may leave the pound for better interest rates in other countries (hot money), causing a fall in the demand for the pound. As a result the value of the pound will fall, making exports cheaper and there will be an injection of net exports. In conclusion, the impact of loose monetary policy will be beneficial to the economy because extra consumption and investment will cause AD to increase which will increase economic growth. However, it takes a long time for changes in interest rates to feed through to consumption and investment and by then the economy may have gotten worse.
Why do Keynesian economists believe market forces do not automatically adjust for unemployment and inflation? What is their solution for stabilizing economic fluctuations? Why do they believe changes in government spending affect the economy differently than changes in income taxes? Keynes theorized that when unemployment raises the amount of goods that are in demand by countries citizens decreases and as these demands decrease the amount of output by the countries manufactures also decreases. As the demand for one product decreases it can cause a chain reaction lowering the demand for products needed to produce the first product.
Individuals are losing jobs and the government have to spend more money of benefits. They collected back less from taxes and VAT. Businesses are cutting back on productions but for some customers is good if they have money because the prices are falling as well as inflation. At the boom stage the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) are the values of
According to Keynes, why might deflation create problems for an economy? ▪ In expectation of increased spending, too many entrepreneurs would begin businesses and most would fail. ▪ The cost of repricing goods would increase costs, and therefore reduce profits, for businesses and they would cut production. ▪ People would drop out of unions because unions would become ineffective at keeping wages of members high. ▪ Consumers might expect prices to fall further and cut back consumption now.
The increase in real GDP would put downward pressure on the price level and reduce inflation. Supply-siders also believed that the budget deficit would not increase substantially as a result of the tax cut. Even if it did increase, it would be offset by increased saving due to the lower taxes. Many economic critics today and in the 1980’s questioned the effectiveness of Reagan s policies, also known as Reaganomics. Economists still argue whether Reagan’s actions were helpful or harmful to the United States economy.
If other things change, then one cannot directly apply supply/demand analysis. Sometimes supply and demand are interconnected, making it impossible to hold other things constant (Colander, The Limitation of Supply/Demand Analysis, 2010). “In supply/demand analysis, you would look at the effect that fall would have on workers’ decisions to supply labor, and on business’s decision to hire workers. However, there are also other effects (Colander, The Limitation of Supply/Demand Analysis, 2010). “For instance, the fall in the wage lowers people’s income and thereby reduces demand.
I do not agree with her as well on raising the bank reserve requirements as it can restrain lending from banks and as a result it will shrink the economy growth. After analyzing my colleagues’ recommendations, and as the president’s senior economic advisor, I recommend the following: * We should lower income taxes. This shall increase the aggregate demand as the consumer disposable income will increase, which leads to an increase in the consumer spending. If the consumer spending increases, it will bring back up the flow of business and operations which means more jobs opening in the market and low unemployment rates. * Lowering banks’ interest rates.
Monetary policies influence and are influenced by international developments, including exchange rates, and based on these market conditions the U.S. government can make strategic changes to these policies to maintain the country’s economic stability (full employment, stable growth and price stability). For example if Federal Reserve actions raised U.S. interest rates, the foreign exchange value of the dollar generally would rise. An increase in the foreign exchange value of the dollar, in turn, would raise the price in foreign currency of U.S. goods traded on world markets and lower the dollar price of goods imported into the United States (Federal Reserve, 2005). By restraining exports and boosting imports, these developments could lower output and price levels in the U.S. economy and control or lower
To increase their taxes would be appropriate and this would be stream lining taxes at a time when the economy needs a boost. The Keynesian economists would look at government spending as a means for the government to stop the little growth the economy has had and is to have. The government spending would make it so the people would not have the money to spend within the states and they would have to go without needs and desires. This in turn would be the money that could be used within the economy.
Should the Government use Fiscal or Monetary Policy to Eliminate Canada’s Current Contractionary Gap? Introduction An economic recession is a period of slow economic activity; this contractionary phase is characterized by high unemployment and low levels of GDP. On the other hand, government bodies desire economic growth and low unemployment levels in order to attain a stable economy. These goals may be reached through the use of either fiscal policy or monetary policy. This paper will focus on and discuss which policy is more effective in eliminating the current recessionary gap of Canada.