Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client’s Presenting Issue?’ Essay

4704 WordsMar 9, 201519 Pages
Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is one of the best known throughout the world. When his name is mentioned, many have a recollection of a part of his theories. His theories have been widely debated. The main goal of this essay is to demonstrate an understanding of Freud’s theory of psychosexual development and how this theory may help us to explain, identify and understand a client’s presenting issue. In evaluating the pros and cons of psychosexual theory and helps us to understand a client’s presenting issue, I will define and consider the relationship between the Id, Ego and Superego and the way in which these are in many ways representative of earlier experiences and of those early situations and conflicts we faced. I will examine some of the criticisms that have been leveled at the Freudian theory in order to evaluate it. I will discuss how his theory would help in therapy to ascertain what the problem was, as well giving my own views, whether it would be useful in practice and if it would be enough to go on to offer adequate therapy to a client. Freud created a new perspective on the study of human behaviour where he focused on the unconscious instinct and urges rather than the conscious. Freud suggested that human nature was focused mainly on desire rather than reason and that it was our past experiences that determined our future behaviour and the development of our personality. With this in mind, Freud believed that our personality is all but established by the age of five. Early experiences play a large role in personality development and continue to influence behaviour later on in life. (Freud, S; Freud, A and Strachey J., 1991). Freud’s work was considered controversial for its time and we continue to debate it today, as it had a profound influence on a number of disciplines ranging from psychology, literature through to art.

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