This means early experiences play a critical role in our lives. Freud believed the human mind has both unconscious and conscious areas. The unconscious part is seen as being dominated by the id, a primitive part of the human personality that seeks only gratification and pleasure. It isn’t concerned with social rules, only with self-gratification and it is driven by the ‘pleasure principle.’ It is said psychopaths are ID led. The disregard for our consequences of behaviour is referred to as ‘primary process thinking’.
We live in a world that is in many ways characterised by restraint, conformity and inhibition, Some of Freud’s main works contribute to our understanding of our relationships toward this social world. As well as providing insights into our own biological and psychic natures. Freud was very interested in the influence that sexuality had on development and sexuality was a dominant theme in his work. (Berry:2000). He believed that personality was developed through a series of childhood stages, putting an emphasis on the early years of life as being crucial to personality development.
According to Sigmund Freud, as children grow up pleasure and sexual impulses shifts from the mouth to the anus and gradually shifts to the genitals. Freud later came to the conclusion that human passes through five stages of psychosexual development. Moreover, Erik Erikson amended Sigmund Freud’s theory because he assumed Freud misjudged some areas of human development. Erikson stated that human beings develop in psychosocial stages. The most important mode of motivation for human behavior is sexual in nature, According to Freud’s theory, on the other hand Erikson’s theory depicts that human motivation is influenced by human’s interaction with other people and social experiences.
It operates the reality principle, as it balances the demands of the id and the superego. The second element is the id, which makes up the unconscious mind. Freud believes that all humans are born with this instinctual energy, which can be broken into the libido and aggression. This is the pleasure principle and the id constantly tries to gratify these instincts. The final component of the unconscious mind is the superego.
The psychodynamics theories of personality developed from Sigmund Freud’s thoughts and believes, which mainly focuses on human drives such as sexual and aggressive drives (C, 2006). According to Freud’s theory, there are three parts contained in a personality; the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the part that struggles to satisfy a person’s needs and is the person’s instinct or drive to action. It is also the part of personality that starts at birth, and works to avoid pain and to gain pleasure as well (C, 2006). The second part is the ego; the ego controls the processes of thinking and emotions.
Finally, other psychoanalytical concepts will be discussed. Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychosexual and psychoanalytic theory. His psychosexual theory states that erogenous zones differ at various times throughout development (Cervone, & Pervin, 2010). The first stage is the oral stage which sensual gratification focuses on the mouth (Cervone, & Pervin, 2010). The second stage is the anal stage which Freud believed there is an enjoyment in the anus and in the movement of feces through the anal canal (Cervone, & Pervin, 2010).
He also linked some childhood desires with the development of ones personality. The psychoanalytic theory is founded on the basis that there are inner forces that influence ones behavior unconsciously. This theory was developed after a thorough observation of people’s behavior where Sigmund conducted case studies. Feud argued that human mind can be divided three parts; the conscious mind, the preconscious mind and the unconscious mind. According to Asch M (2004), the conscious mind includes the things that we are aware of.
Sigmund Freud was the ﬁrst to challenge the view that mental disorders were caused by physical illness and proposed that psychological factors were responsible for the illness. The psychodynamic approach highlights the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences. Psychodynamic psychologist’s attempt to deal with the mental health issues of their patients by incorporating these ideas and creating therapies using these ideas. The basic concept behind psychoanalysis is that a patient that suffers from mental health problems such as depression can address any regressed feelings thus, the patient gains insight of and can learn to work through their emotional baggage. It is a generalised concept that if the cause of the symptoms were tackled it would only be logical that the symptoms would then cease.
Anthony S Brzenski 64021 BCJ 501 Criminological Theory Unit # 2 Question # 1 Freud had been criticized for the central role played in his theory by psychosexual development. Examine the role of psychosexual development as described by Freud. Next, indicate whether you believe that the critics are correct and evaluate the basis of your decision. Sigmund Freud was a Viennese Physician who opined that parents had a crucial role in managing their children’s sexual development that we develop through five stages of psychosexual development with pleasure focused on one specific region of the body during each stage. Freud believed the personality consisted of three interworking parts the id, ego, and superego.
When analyzing a book through the psychological lens, you must juxtapose the book itself with Sigmund Freud’s theory of the Id, the Ego, and the Super-ego. The Id is most easily described as the “sub-conscious” or the instinctive part of the human psyche. The Id is where most of the pleasure sensations originate. The Ego is the most well known. It is the conscious part of the brain, knows as the decision-making part.