I try to avoid conflicts and protect the least advantaged without creating unnecessary hassles for the rest. One of my weaknesses is that I trust reasonable systems to solve most problems. Because of that I run the risk to be considered authoritarian and assuming that my way is best, which is not at all my intention. At some point I could become isolated because not everyone can guarantee equality. My obsession with justice could drive those I care about most away from me.
Maslow believed that every individual progresses through a hierarchy of needs in life in order to feel content and satisfied. He presented this as a hierarchy of needs pyramid, which can be divided into two types of needs; basic needs such as safety, esteem and love, and growth needs, such as cognitive aesthetics and self-actualization. Maslow suggested that every individual must satisfy lower level basic needs before they are able to progress towards higher level growth needs. Once these needs have been reasonably satisfied, the individual may be able to reach the highest level of the pyramid. This level is known as self-actualization.
Managers select the first alternative that is satisfactory.2. Managers recognize that their conception of the world is simple.3. Managers are comfortable making decisions without determining all thealternatives.4. Managers make decisions by rules of thumb or heuristics. Bounded rationality assumes that managers satisfice; that is, they select the first alternative that is “good enough,” because the costs of optimizing in terms of time and effort are too great.
He placed these needs into the shape of a pyramid, in which the bottom layer consists of our lower motivational needs such as physiological needs, leading up to the top layer consisting of the higher motivational needs such as self-actualization. He believed that when a person satisfies their basic needs, they can then move up the pyramid to fulfill their higher needs. Abraham Maslow’s theory on human motivation is an accurate portrayal of how human needs affect their behavior. Many people have agreed with Maslow on his theory. In order for people to continue on with their daily tasks or life goals, they need to satisfy their most basic needs.
At the base of the pyramid are the very basic but the strongest needs – physiological, followed by safety, love/belonging, self-esteem and at the very top of the pyramid is self-actualization. According to Maslow, each individual should fulfill fundamental needs first in order to move to another, more advanced, level of needs. Physiologic needs are the most primitive of all needs and include the need for water, food, sleep, warmth etc. In this stage, I included pictures of the basic needs such as water, food and sleep. When an individual fulfills this basic level of needs he or she is then motivated to move to another level, which is security or safety needs.
Achievement and recognition of achievement have been proved time and time again by Psychologists and social scientists, who say that these are the most powerful motivators. The Basis for Maslow’s motivation theory is that unsatisfied needs is what human beings are motivated by, also that a person’s higher needs cannot be satisfied until a person’s certain lower needs are met. Physiological, esteem, love, safety, and survival are all general types of needs that must be satisfied before a person can act altruistically. Maslow called these needs “deficiency needs”. As long as our cravings are fed by our motivation, we move towards growth, and self-actualization.
Further up the pyramid, the need for personal esteem and feelings of accomplishment take priority. Like Carl Rogers, Maslow emphasized the importance of self-actualization, which is a process of growing and developing as a person to achieve individual potential. 1. Biological and Physiological needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc. 2.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation and personality developed by the psychologist Abraham H. Maslow (1908-1970). Maslow's hierarchy explains human behavior in terms of basic requirements for survival and growth. These requirements, or needs, are arranged according to their importance for survival and their power to motivate the individual. The most basic physical requirements, such as food, water, or oxygen, constitute the lowest level of the need hierarchy. These needs must be satisfied before other, higher needs become important to individuals.
The main behavioral theories are, Maslow- theory of hierarchy, Douglas McGregor’s- Theory X and Theory Y. and Paul Hersey and Kenneth Balchard-Situational leadership model (directive behavior and supportive behavior) Maslow- theory of hierarchy, Abraham Maslow developed the need theories. The theory assumes three things. It assumes that people are never satisfied, that the behavior is direct to meet the need for satisfaction, and that needs are classified from lowest to the highest in a hierarchical structure of importance. The below 1. Biological and Physiological needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.
According to functionalists, order and predictability is important if a society is to exist. To ensure the society functions accordingly, people have to follow the norms and share common values or value consensus. Functionalists believe that value consensus can constrain and shape humans’ behaviour because people are said to be passive and they conform to sanctions whereby rewards will be given for practicing good behaviour (positive sanction) and punishments await those who commit deviant behaviour (negative sanction). Emile Durkheim argues that society is bigger than individuals and more vast . Individuals learn to desire what the society provides and in doing so, they internalise the roles given to them.