They were evacuated on naval vessels, civilian boats and little ships. There were over a thousand civilian casualties and an estimated five hundred and fifty four were killed and a further seven hundred and ninety one lost their lives in the course of their duties before coming to an end. When Hitler came to power he was determined to make Germany a great power again and to dominate Europe. He had set out his ideas in a book called Mein Kampf (My Struggle) that he had written in prison in 1924. His main aims were to: destroy the Treaty of Versailles imposed on Germany after her defeat in World War One.
In May 1940 Germany was dominating the French in France and so the Allies had to withdraw to the beaches Dunkirk. There was then a huge operation to evacuate the soldiers by the navy and small boats sailed there by volunteers to rescue roughly 350,000 French and English troops. This left only Britain to be defeated for Germany to have defeated and captured the whole of Western Europe. Hitler’s next operation was to invade Britain. Hitler knew that the German Navy was too small to control the English Channel but he believed that with the Luftwaffe he could successfully defeat Britain.
Poison Gas: Most of people assume that poison gas was used first by the German. It’s not really accurate. It was used by the French to stop the seemingly unstoppable German army advancing throughout Belgium and North-Eastern France. In one sense, it was an act of desperation but went against the 'rules' of war. However, while the French were the first to use a gas against an enemy, the Germans had been giving a great deal of thought to the use of poison gas as a way of defeating enemy.
Though the odds and numbers were against the British, it was the unorganized planning and overconfidence that led to the British army to ultimately win the battle against Germany. The invasion of France ended in June 1940; it was not until over a month later that Hitler made the decision to invade Britain, because he was unsuccessful in trying to get the British to surrender. The Battle of Britain was not an immediate, necessary battle to Hitler, but because he wanted and would benefit from air superiority, he put forth the effort to fight it anyway. The small number of British forces fueled overconfidence for Germany and
As people fled from their homes they were machine-gunned by fighter planes. The three hour raid completely destroyed the town. It is estimated that 1,685 people were killed and 900 injured in the attack and the British leaders did not want that to happen to Britain especially when it would be a much lager scale. -29th September, 1938, Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier and Benito Mussolini signed the Munich Agreement which transferred the Sudetenland to Germany. When Czechoslovakia's head of state protested at this decision Neville Chamberlain told him that Britain would be not go to war over the Sudetenland.
There was a lot of trench warfare between the allies and the central powers. This machine quickly did that by driving out soldiers from the trenches. The British created the first and also following was the French. Germany although used tanks a lot in the Second World War didn’t use them in this war. During the war countries started using chemical warfare for results.
Chapter 29 * World War I destroyed the motivation and the will of many Europeans at the start of the century. * In many European countries like Germany, Britain, Germany, and France, the amount of people killed had a negative effect on its demography. * All of the deaths reduced the amount of young men available for family life and work. * A French leader along with an American authorized a treaty outlawing war known as the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928. * Mass consumption standards increased which resulted in new technological advances such as radios.
He left in 1919, having seen active front-line service in France and having narrowly escaped being killed when a German shell exploded three yards away from him and having been a victim of a gas-attack. In “An Inspector Calls”, Priestley uses a lot of his political views in the Inspectors speeches by using him as a kind of a mouthpiece for his socialism. The play was written in 1946; however it was set in 1912, just before the outbreak of WWI. This was a new era when people were no longer willing to accept the poverty or the class system that had gone before. Priestley strongly believed that everyone had some responsibility for others in society and not just their own welfare.
The Battle of Britain took place when the Luftwaffe attempted to win air superiority over southern England from the Royal Air Force as an essential prerequisite for the invasion of this country by German naval and land forces. For the British, it ran from 10 July - 31 October 1940. For the Germans it began on 13 August, Adlertag or "Eagle Day". The key to success for the Luftwaffe was the destruction of the RAF's fighter force. Conversely, for Fighter Command it was to hamper bombing and inflict losses, preferably before the target was reached.
al. 744) This was a very vicious thing that the Germans had done to the US GI's. The American troops led by Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe led the troops to Bastogne, a city of Belgium, were badly surrounded and our numbered by the Germans, that is were the American troops were demanded to surrender. In the end there were 800 tanks lost on each side, and 1,000 German aircraft lost as well. This was a lot of machinery to have lost Hitler could not replace all the things he lost, so he had nothing left to do but to