Euthanasia Essay

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Euthanasia “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” -The Declaration of Independence (1776)- Yes, according to the U.S. Declaration of Independence, people have the right to live and seek happiness. However, in these days, instead of choosing life and happiness, people look for a new “right”- “the right to die.” Some people think that a patient who is terminally ill should have the “right to die” with the help of doctors or physicians if that is her/his desire, and this practice is called euthanasia or “mercy killing.” This sounds very pleasant; however euthanasia is not as wise as it sounds. This practice actually causes many negative effects on patients, their family, their social network, and even on doctors who practice it. In other words, euthanasia is wrong and should not be legalized because the practice may be against the patient’s will and the after-effects can potentially be harmful. Definition of Euthanasia “Euthanasia is the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit” (Balch & O’Bannon). This practice is also called “mercy killing” by people who support it. “There are several terms used to describe different forms of euthanasia, namely “voluntary, involuntary, and non-voluntary euthanasia; also active and passive euthanasia” (Frederich & Tischauser, 2008). In the next paragraph, the different types of euthanasia will be described to demonstrate why euthanasia shouldn’t be legalized. Types of Euthanasia “Non-voluntary euthanasia is a decision to terminate life made by another when the patient is incapable of making a decision for himself or herself” while “involuntary euthanasia does not involve the patient’s consent”

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