The writings of Protestant historians such as Motley and Oman can be taken to reflect more the attitude of the writer then the true events of the period. They wrote in a way that identified progress with Protestantism and Catholicism with reaction and superstition. They believed that the thought behind Philip’s foreign policy was to create a Universal Monarchy by means of a Catholic Plot. Other proponents of religion as a main factor include Geoffrey Parker who wrote that Philip had a ‘grand strategy’ and that was to spread Catholicism and to fulfil the Habsburg moto “the world is
Some of these creatures became passengers on merchant ships that sailed to Europe. This caused Europe to become infected with the deadly disease. Around 1348, the Black Death reached England and in a year it was all over the country. The people of the middle ages called it the pestilence and they had no idea what it was and how to treat it. People thought that it was a punishment from God.
I will also seek to explain how what was a plentiful labour market in England, became a labour shortage during and after the Black Death. This gave greater power to workers and caused the upper classes to act to curb the newfound sense of self-worth and empowerment of the lower class. This social upheaval had profound impacts on England in Europe at the time and in the future. The Black Death was a pandemic that spread across Europe the Middle East and Asia during 1347 to 1351. Black Death is also known as the Bubonic Plague from a bacterium scientifically named “Y.
The Bible could be interpreted in a way which supported the dissolution of the monasteries and the royal supremacy, representing a clear transition of religious power to Henry and the monarchy from the papacy. It is clear that Cromwell laid the foundations of a nation state. By nullifying the function of the pope and the monasteries which served him, Cromwell ensured that the laity was subject to no foreign influence. Furthermore, the transfer of this influence to Henry meant that the beginnings of a Crown-controlled Church, national rather than international in ideologies, were created by
The arrival of Columbus and other Europeans wreaked havoc and caused many detrimental effects on the lives of the present population during the sixteenth century. The arrival of the Europeans in various ways caused the death of thousands of indigenous people dwelling within the Caribbean. “One was the importation from Europe and Africa diseases such as small pox, measles, dysentery, influenza, leprosy, yellow fever, typhoid, elephantiasis, against which the American Indian had no immunity”1. Small pox (fig.3) and measles was the most effective of these newly introduced diseases. The indigenous persons though lived sacred spiritual lives, as they practiced nature worship, ancestry worship as well as protective magic.
With the trading of the Columbian Exchange, diseases were increasing and affecting both the Americas and Europe. The Europeans brought multiple new diseases to the Native American population, smallpox being a major known disease. Wiping out two-thirds of the Native American population, they weren’t used to the infectious disease being brought with domesticated animals. With the impact of diseases not being as effective on Europe as it was for the Americas, Europe could withstand it. Also demographically, the start of sugar plantations and silver mines was another major effect on the Native Americans.
The Columbian Exchange The term Columbian Exchange refers to the transfer of peoples, animals, plants, and diseases between the New and Old Worlds. Old World diseases that entered the Americas with the European immigrants and African slaves devastated indigenous populations. These dramatic population changes weakened native peoples’ capacity for resistance and facilitated the transfer of plants, animals, and related technologies. I. Demographic Changes o Because of their long isolation from other continents, the peoples of the New World lacked immunity to diseases introduced from the Old World. As a result, death rates among Amerindian peoples during the epidemics of the early colonial period were very high.
As a result of European settlement, many populations of Native Americans were brought to near extinction. The hunger for a new and free word had blinded Europeans’ humanity towards the Native Americans that had lived in these lands for hundreds of years from the Atlantic to the Pacific in harmony and respect of their lands. The discovery of gold was of the most important factors that promoted violence against the Native Americans. When gold was discovered in California in 1848 it initiated a large amount of migrant traffic across the North American continent. This large influx of Americans brought more diseases to the Native Americans that devastated their tribes with great number of deaths.
For example, altogether, they execute a large group of people such as the Natives in Cuba, Dominica, and Mexico, and those who weren’t in the massacre was turned into slaves; and those whoever refused to convert to Christianity. Spain’s motivations for colonial expansion were trade and spread Christianity and explored East Africa; Later, when they discovered rich trading regions in Indonesia. That alternative route was different from the theoretical eastward route, which lead them to the British Empire and they offered to support. England colonized in the Americas began in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia and reached its peak when colonies had been established throughout the Americas and they have settled in Antarctica
When the Europeans arrived to inhabit America, Native American the slave trade changed significantly. Europeans and native tribes would enslave other tribes and sell to the settlers. The Native American slaves were used to mine for gold, cultivate tobacco, etc. Over the years, the aboriginal people began to suffer more