The French colonies in the East brought a peaceful cooperation with the Indians. France engaged the Indians in their desire to expand the fur trade and likewise, the Indians found a new global market as they contributed greatly to the fur trade. However, in the West the Spanish entered the new territories with the intention of controlling the region and the local Indians by forcing them into unfree labor and a persistent drive to convert their religious beliefs to Catholicism. The Pueblo Indians rose up in a major rebellion in 1680 led by Pope`. The Pueblo Indians united and attached the missions, killing hundreds of the missionaries and driving them from their native lands.
When Columbus stumbled upon the “New World” in 1492, he unwittingly initiated one of the most profound transformations in world history; a transformation that continues to shape the world in which we live today. The conquest of the Americas is known to being a brutal and vicious tragedy. While the newcomers cherished their new findings of spices, sugar, tobacco, coffee, gold, forest and fertile lands, the indigenous people were attacked with diseases, humiliation, destruction of culture and living conditions, and mass death. Since the conquest, historians have puzzled over one question in particular. How did so few Spanish manage to conquer such huge territories and the population taking up those lands?
Chapter 1 Chapter 1, entitled Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress depicts the Europeans’ initial encounter with the Arawak Indians of the West Indies . The Arawaks greeted Columbus and his crew with hospitality, but little did they know they would soon be taken advantage of and have their culture virtually destroyed. Columbus’s journal entries about this first meeting indicate his feelings of superiority to the Arawaks, which led to enslavement, murder, and rape. The Arawaks were forced to work in gold mines and were killed at the will of the Europeans. Millions of natives were killed in slavery, war, and, mining.
“Fourteen ninety-two, Columbus sailed the ocean blue.” Changes and continuities occurred from 1492-1750 in the Americas, Africa, and Western Europe due to social and economic transformations in slave trade, disease, and the Columbian exchange. The British, European people, and even the conquistadors brought over many decapitating diseases caused a major social change in the Americas. These diseases pummeled the population not only the colonists but also the Native Americans. The Native Americans made up the majority of the population affected by the transmitters; furthermore, they also made up the largest percentage in the mortality rate because they weren’t immune to the diseases. Moreover, these diseases’ transmitters varied from human
These pioneers shared the same goals of Columbus, greed. They would go out and load ships with slaves, merchandise, spices and just about everything else that they could find to satisfy their needs. Beginning the of excerpt, “God, glory, and gold--not necessarily in that order--took post-Renaissance Europeans to parts of the globe they had never before seen” (1). This quote is a perfect example of religion also taking part in greedy necessities. During these arrival of European explorers, they began a new era of disease within the villages and caused the death of hundreds and hundreds of Natives.
Spanish missionaries and conquistadors sought to convert the people of the New World and establish dominance overseas. To do this, they needed the labor of African slaves, leading to another mass migration. This migration helped explode the population of the New World since so many people came to the Americas with the promise of cheap land and easy living. Migration was a heavy factor in the changes to the Native American population for this migration. The people of the Old World brought their diseases with them, which took advantage of the Native Americans inexistent antibodies toward illnesses like smallpox- which brought about massive and catastrophic population decreases for the Native Americans, about 80-90%.
Western Civilization leads in categories of politics, economics, science and technology and in each category the West gained efficiency and effectiveness. It is seen by many people that Columbus used his power to conquer the people of the new world and commit genocide and slavery but at the same time Columbus brought knowledge to these people and enabled them to become as powerful as Western Civilization. Over time, Western Civilization has faced adversity but like Columbus, they have done whatever was necessary to keep expanding Western influence. The article also clarifies the debate over Columbus because it shows that Columbus cannot be looked at as good or bad; Columbus has to be looked at as an admiral, who took necessary action in the new world to keep Western Civilization on top. If Columbus had not taken the actions that he did, the people of the new world may have overthrown him and the western influence and that could have changed the world as we know it forever.
Explorer Christopher Columbus arrived in the Caribbean islands in 1492, sparking a wave of exploration that would have extreme consequences for the people who lived there at that time. His encounters in the Americas with Native Americans started a repetitive cycle of encounter, conquest, and death throughout the Western Hemisphere. Columbus first had very friendly relationships with the Taino people, but that soon changed. The Tainos offended the Spanish and failed to pay proper respect to Christian symbols and Columbus felt he had authority over them and could decide their fate. The Spanish forced Native Americans to convert to Christianity.
Significance: Slavery brought Africans to America, challenged this country to look at all men as equals and made us leaders in the world for civil rights of mankind. Cause: The ability for ships to sail to America and the greed of slave ship captains made slavery in a new frontier, America, inevitable. Effect: The widespread supply and demand for slavery caused civil unrest within Africa and turned many groups against one another. Eventually these groups became part of the slave trade and provided slaves from their own tribes. Significance: This vicious cycle caused economic and political unrest, ultimately weakening Africa’s economic, political and social stability.
Throughout the french revolution, radical and social upheaval affected french society. The french society underwent its own transformation as the public resented the privileges of the clergy and aristocracy. Two expensive wars caused a financial crisis and years of bad harvest. Secondly the industrial revolution was a factor in the emergence of modernism. The industrial revolution, over time, changed the lives of all Europeans.