Europe Essay

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The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.[12][13] The EU operates through a system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states. Cultural co-operation between member states has been a concern of the EU since its inclusion as a community competency in the Maastricht Treaty.[227] Actions taken in the cultural area by the EU include the Culture 2000 7-year programme,[227] the European Cultural Month event,[228] the MEDIA Programme,[229] orchestras such as theEuropean Union Youth Orchestra[230] and the European Capital of Culture programme – where one or more cities in the EU are selected for one year to assist the cultural development of that city.[231] Sport is mainly the responsibility of an individual member states or other international organisations rather than that of the EU. However, there are some EU policies that have had an impact on sport, such as the free movement of workers which was at the core of the Bosman ruling, which prohibited national football leagues from imposing quotas on foreign players with European citizenship.[232] The Treaty of Lisbon requires any application of economic rules to take into account the specific nature of sport and its structures based on voluntary activity.[233] This followed lobbying by governing organisations such as the International Olympic Committee and FIFA, due to objections over the applications of free market principles to sport which led to an increasing gap between rich and poor clubs.[234] The EU does fund a programme for Israeli, Jordanian, Irish, and British football coaches, as part of the Football 4 Peace An example of Europe influence on the American culture is clothing. Americans used to wear animal skins but the Europeans introduced them to weaving and cotton growing

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