Europe Essay

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3.According to Figure 1-8 on page 51 of the de Blij and Muller text, how many languages exist in contemporary Europe and how many different language groups are there in Europe? 2 marks -According to Figure 1-8 on page 51, 49 different languages existed in contemporary Europe and there were 11 different language groups. 4.List the countries that, prior to their independence, belonged to the country formerly known as Yugoslavia. 2 marks -Albania -Bosnia -Croatia -Kosovo -Macedonia -Montenegro -Serbia 5.Compare and contrast the concepts of “nation” and “nation-state.” Use the example of the former country of Czechoslovakia in your answer. 3 marks -According to de Blij and Muller, a nation-state is a state embodied by its culturally distinctive population. In other words, it is a sovereign state occupied by a relatively homogeneous group of people who share the same feeling of common nationality. A nation, on the other hand, can be defined as a large group of people who are untied by common descent, language, culture, living on the same land, etc.. -The former country of Czechoslovakia would be a good example of a feud within a nation-state. Difference of opinions caused what some people called “The Velvet Divorce,” and the Czech Republic and Slovakia became two independent countries in 1993. 6.Why would the country of Belgium be likely to undergo political devolution in the near future? 2 marks -The term devolution means the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level. The country of Belgium would likely undergo political devolution in the near future because the political parties are supporting the Flemish separatism. The separatism between the Flemish-speaking and French-speaking people is causing major issues in the social landscape of Belgium. 7.Consult the map on page 64 of the de Blij and Muller textbook. Why is the

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