Discuss the evolutionary explanation of group displays of aggression (5+8 13marks) As an evolutionary explanation group display assumes that aggressive behaviour is adaptive for survival and that groups will display aggression in order to protect their resources, thus helping a group to remain competitive when fighting for necessities. (Such as food and water). Lynch mobs is an example of an aggressive group display which can be explained through social control. During the 1930s major social change was taking place in the US with blacks gaining greater social liberties and a higher social status, which may have been viewed as a threat to white resources. As a result of this fear whites turned to “lynch Law” to maintain social standing (Patterson) and as risk increases, so does aggression towards rival groups for the same resources.
-1How Did Darwinism Influence Theories of Race in the Nineteenth Century? Charles Darwin’s work and theories on evolution, most notably in his magnum opus On the Origin of the Species, had a profound effect on the scientific community during the nineteenth century. Darwin altered views on race in a variety of ways, some negative and some positive but he provided the first contentious argument to explain variety within human characteristics that is still maintained today. His theories of evolution were controversial and influenced the ideas of others that purposefully contradicted his own. Nott and Gliddon’s work for example specifically counters Darwin’s theories concerning race but we now know theirs to be fiction.1 The work of Sir Francis Galton, Herbert Spencer and Ernst Heackel was directly influenced by Darwin, hence a number of their theories are now referred to as Social Darwinism, though this has become a somewhat derogatory term.2 Theories descended from Darwinism such as eugenics, embryology and the “survival of the fittest” have been used both to support and dismiss racist principles, such as the justification of the slave trade.3 It must be acknowledged that Darwin’s influence transcended political and ethical arguments.
They also changed their documented history in order to seem that the German Knights had wanted a Third Reich. Also the Nazis created propaganda that made other races look bad, and practically influenced thei people that others were inferior. All this can be compared to Orwell's
This discovery made people want to learn more about their world (Centers of Inventions ?). Alchemy and astronomy were just a few of the arts that intrigued many scientists. Alchemy originally started in Islam and it was the act of turning a lesser substance, like lead, into a greater substance, like gold. Most alchemists believed that nature was alive and that everything that is of great value grew naturally from something that was valueless. It was the alchemist’s job to shorten the natural growth by changing the traits of the substance.
During an age of mass industrialization and urbanization, obtaining social justice was of vital importance because with social justice established, social control would naturally be achieved due to the satisfaction of citizens being treated equally. Progressive reformers moved to correct flaws in government and improve societal equality, but they soon found the widened divisions in American society to be difficult, if not impossible, to overcome. (Out of Many, 606) Progressivism was characterized by a series of movements, each of them aimed in one way or another at renovating or restoring American society, its values, and institutions. (Out of Many, 612) The three basic social issues addressed by the Progressives were women suffrage, freedmens civil rights, and working conditions. Each group of reformers challenged the words of our founding fathers as stated in the Constitution, “…in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity,…promote the general welfare…to ourselves and our posterity…,” progressives were searching for a perfect union for every individual to be satisfied with.
(docs 3, 4, 6, 8). The promotion of the pestle and mortar invention by the mythological emperor Fuxi showed the positive attitude the Han had towards new inventions (doc 3). As a new creation this invention was widely used and praised but as improvements were made to the pestle and mortar their benefits were significantly increased. The author, Huan Tan, felt that new inventions were beneficial to the Han society and clever improvements made the benefits made mythological emperor Fuxi’s creations even better. This is the POV because he is praising Fuxi’s invention and is explaining its widespread use in the society.
Industrial Revolution Essay Topic : To what extent did the Industrial Revolution bring about positive change. By : Max Chung The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century made an overall positive impact on Western society. Introduction of factories, the assembly line, new inventions, the development of electricity, and the railroads all contributed to quicker and efficient production of goods and materials. However, it had a negative impact on the people as well. As factories were invented, there were much more pollution compared to the past which brought many health problems to the people.
Flowers for Algernon Essay In the story “Flowers for Algernon”, Charlie undergoes an experiment that triples his IQ of 68 and makes him into a genius. Even though it was temporary, Charlie expressed deep joy over this, and therefore I believe that this was a positive experience for Charlie. First of all, he stated near the start of his regression that he felt glad that he was able to find out so much for science, even if he had to disprove Dr Nemur and Dr Strauss’ theories. Secondly, he pointed out in the beginning that he didn’t care that the intelligence wouldn’t last, and that he just wants to be able to experience it once. Finally, Charlie stated in the end that he was very glad he was able to see things from a smart person’s perspective for once and he was happy that he saw things he never even knew existed.
Nature vs. Nurture From the mid to late 1800s to the early 1900s nature was the zeitgeist: This was the era of Mendel and Darwinism. Francis Galton argued that intelligence, or lack of, ran in families. He introduced “eugenics”, which will be spoken about by Denise, to speed up the process of natural selection. 1920s – 1930s Intelligence tests were re-analyzed and validity questioned. There was a great deal of backlash regarding the social consequences of eugenics.
The eugenics movement could actually do way more harm to human evolution and the human race than good. Before World War II, Hitler began to research American eugenics as a way to justify his anti-Semitism and racism. He was able to get more people to believe in his ideals by telling them that it was all based on science. In 1939, Hitler approved the Aktion T-4 program, which authorized certain doctors and officials to perform “mercy deaths” by euthanasia on those who the state said were unworthy of life. The type of people the scientists of the eugenics movement wanted to create were tall, strong, and talented beings, with blond hair and blue eyes.