Etnno-Religious Conflict Theory Essay

297 WordsOct 27, 20132 Pages
ETHNO-RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS IN JOS CITY, NIGERIA FROM 1999-2012 * BY Omoshola Deji THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK THEORY(S) | PROPONENTS OF THE THEORY(S) | THEORET1CAL SUMMARY | Primordial theory of ethnicity | Johan Fichte and J. Herder (1792), Shils (1957), Geertz (1963), Isaacs (1975), D. Horowitz (1985), Stack (1986), & Grosby (1994), to mention a few. | Once the sense of ethnic identifications is constructed it’s always difficult to be reconstructed. Ethnic conflicts occur as a result of differences in culture, language, orientation and backgrounds. | Power struggle theory | (Synder & Tilly 1972), Gurr (1969), Bwy (1968), Davies (1962, 1969, 1971), and others. | Human society fundamentally divided between classes who clash in the pursuit of class interests.Marx's analysis centers on how the relationships between men are shaped by their relative positions in regard to the means of production. | Resource competition theory | (Bonacich 1972), (Hechter 1978), (Hannan 1979), (Nagel 1986, Nielsen 1985), & others. | The competition over resources & rights leads to conflict in multi-ethnic societies. When economic prospects are poor, people feel victimized by another group, “they blame their misfortunes on other ethnic or religious members which are there citizens and neighbors,” This leads to competition. | Instrumentalism theory | Anthony Smith (1960s) | Conflicts occur because ethnic individual are used as an instrument in the hands of their leaders to achieve their selfish aims. |

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