Contemporary approaches to ethnicity
- Along with many other European settler colonies, New Zealand has had had a history of racism towards its indigenous people.
- Subsequently contemporary New Zealand policy towards ethnicity has had to work from the premise of both mitigating the effects of past racism, and establishing the place of Maori.
- The central aspect to the relationship between the Maori and the crown is the Treaty of Waitangi.
- Policy issues have arisen due to the contentious interpretation of this treaty, past failures of the government to respect it, and in determining the future place the treaty should have in New Zealand.
- In determining the bicultural relationship –there have been both inclusive measures taken and exclusive approaches of devolution.
- The predominant contemporary policy approach has reflected a liberal perspective, promoting the idea of equal treatment.
- This is contrasted, however, by the exclusive biculturalism policy - effected since 1984 – development along a more radical anti-racist approach.
- I will argue that:
a) In line with Marxist/class based critique of exclusive biculturalism, it is not the appropriate direction to be heading down as it is not reflective of the actual ethnic situation, and a more class based approach would be more successful.
b) AND that constitutional change should reflect Geoffrey Palmers wait and see approach – because…… Also because there are also multi cultural considerations to be included in the framework.
- The practices of many of the European colonisers, have left the world with a legacy of alienation and inequality, which represents one of the worlds biggest global social policy challenges for all nations
- As a ‘white settler’ colony, the New Zealand settler’s approach to colonisation was akin to that of Canada, Australia and New Zealand – in that racism functioned to legitimate and perpetuate the political authority and...