Ethnic Groups And Discrimination Essay

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A Brief History of The African-American Ethnic Group in America Like many ethnic groups currently residing in the United States, African-American ancestry is drawn from another continent. In the formative years of America, African-American ancestors were forcibly immigrated here to be made into slaves of their captors. According to Facts On File , “slaves were generally compelled to work long days doing backbreaking labor. As adequate clothing, food, and medical attention were generally not provided to slaves, death rates were very high. The laws of most states barely acknowledged slaves, and they were denied virtually every legal privilege, including the right to bring lawsuits or testify in court trials, the right to vote, and the right to marry.” (1, para. 2). Slaves were constantly faced with racism on a daily basis as part of their very existence. After a long time, slavery was a practice was finally abolished thanks to President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Bill of Rights in 1865. Adjusting to life of freedom in America at the time was very difficult. Racism against African Americans persisted even with the recent amendments guaranteeing their right to citizenship in America. After slavery ended and up to this very day, African-Americans have faced a combination of racism, prejudice and segregation. In most southern states during the mid-1900’s, entire communities were split into two: one Caucasian, one African-American. There were placards in restaurants, barbershops and other places of commerce openly denying service to any “colored” or different ethnic group other than Caucasian who entered the establishment(s). This mistreatment of the group led to many demonstrations, sit-ins, marches, riots and ultimately assassinations of many
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