Ethics & Plagiarism Across Cultures

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Ethics of Plagiarism Across Cultures 1 Ethics as a philosophical subject which proposes the study of moral actions, proposes that human beings are endowed with consciousness and it is this awareness along with their values and past experiences (in the form of learning), which give the possibility of knowing oneself and the world around them, and can safely judge their actions by distinctions between good and evil. When ensuring that by its rational nature, human beings act ethically or not, align with what the society dictates, it is worthwhile to also introduce the variable "motivation" in this equation. In this way, the human being aware of his actions, will incur in actions with full knowledge of whether that doing evil or good, depending on intrinsic or extrinsic motivations. According to Bagley and Savage (2010), there are two main schools that explain these events, the Teleological and Deontological schools. Teleological school is based on the consequences, i.e. the effect that certain actions have on others. Deontological school focuses on the motivational aspects that lead each individual’s conduct. Based on the above, it would be logical to refer that as the values, past history and motivations constitutes the morals of an individual, then the history and evolution of societies will then form the ethical principles that will determine a comunity customary rules by which theirs people will act, and this is what will shape then the culture of this particular society. The collective nature of morality then implies that those acts called "good " or "bad” vary dramatically depending on the culture in which it occurs. That is, actions that could be labeled as unethical in North America, United Kingdom and Germany, could be socially acceptable in regions like Latin America or Asia. Issues like these are what have made Ethics of Plagiarism Across
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