I have one assignment in Professional Ethics as typed in the next paragraph. To answer the question, I applied the normative theories of ethics to the situation.
The question is:
Often the life of a whistleblower involves tremendous ridicule and scrutiny from others, despite doing the "right thing." Describe your views as to why whistleblowers face tremendous obstacles as a result of bringing the inappropriate actions of others to light and describe the personal characteristics a person should possess to be an effective whistleblower.
In an attempt to describe why whistleblowers face tremendous obstacles despite acting to what they believed was right, I will try to explain by using some of the Normative Theories of Ethics, for example:
a. The Egoist (Egoism Theory) may view the acts of the whistleblower as personal interest because the egoist thinks an action is morally right if the action promotes the individual’s long term interests.
b. In Virtue Ethics Theory, a person may view the acts of the whistleblower as an act of integrity or courage or leadership because this theory considers the action as morally correct especially if the act involves the virtue of honesty, wisdom, courage, loyalty etc.
c. In Utilitarianism Theory, where the focus is on the outcome of action that gives the greatest benefit (or least harm) for everyone is the ethical action, it would most probably consider the acts of the whistleblower as ethically upright because the actions gives the greatest benefit to the public and the society as a whole.
So it really depends on which normative theory the person/s believe in viewing what is morally ethical or not. There are other theories of ethics that may define the behaviour of a person in forming an opinion regarding the situation or on how to react on whistleblowing issues.
As to Personal Characteristics a person should possess to be an effective whistleblower, I would say that they should possess the character of...