Code of Ethics Comparison between AACC and ACA When considering similarities and differences of ethical codes one should perhaps begin by clarifying what ethics are as well as the purpose of a code of ethics. In the profession of counseling one might consider the statement from Corey, Corey, and Callanan which reads, “The primary purpose of a code of ethics is to safeguard the welfare of clients by providing what is in their best interest” (Corey et al., 2011 p.9). While this is not the only purpose a code of ethics serves, it is the one that best takes into account one important consideration in counseling which is “Do no harm" (Sossin, n.d.). “Ethics codes are also designed to safeguard the public and to guide the professionals in their work so that they can provide the best service possible” (Corey et al.,2011 p.9). The AACC or American Association of Christian Counselors is intended; as the name implies, for those counselors practicing with Christianity as their spiritual emphasis while the ACA
Examine how both deontological and teleological ethical systems can be used to help people make moral decisions. Deontological and teleological ethical systems attempt to provide those who follow them with contrasting moral guides, recommending wrong and right concepts of behaviour. Deontological ethics derives from the Greek word, "Deon" which translates to "duty", for all deontologists, morality is a matter of duty. This ethical theory judges the morality of an action based on the action's adherence to a rule, so essentially, deontology is concerned with the intent behind an action as well as the nature of the action itself. Therefore, deontologists follow the belief that certain actions are inherently good if they follow the stated rules even if the action has bad consequences, it can still be defined as moral.
James Rachels’ on Normative Cultural Relativism Every culture has its own customs, traditions and beliefs that dictate the actions of its citizens. Cultural relativism states that although practices and ethical beliefs differ from society to society, it must be accepted as good, relative to each respective culture’s beliefs and moral code. Rachels believes that an act that may be frowned upon in one culture may in fact be totally acceptable in another. The theory of Cultural Relativism puts in action the idea of what people believe is morally right and how it relates to the culture that it is practiced in. Morals concern what is right and wrong.
Individual - Ethics Essay Vina Baptiste ETH 316 February 4, 2013 G. Edward Mc McCullough Individual - Ethics Essay In order for one to understand their direction which helps them with their decision making process, it requires the help of comparing and contrasting ethical theories. “Each theory emphasizes different points such as predicting the outcome and following one’s duties to others in order to reach an ethically correct decision.” (2013) I will attempt to describe the three ethical theories virtue, utilitarianism, and deontological relating to ethics and morality since each theory has something in common with an end goal. The virtue theory of ethics is exemplified when a person judges another by character and not by their actions and relies on observed behavior more than a behavior that may have happened only once. A virtue based person would morally guide an individual in making correct decisions from their own life experiences. “Conversely, a person who has a reputation for scientific misconduct is more likely to be judged harshly for plagiarizing because of his consistent past of unethical behavior (Penslar, Robin, L., 1995).
The issues here are: * What are boundaries? Due to the personal nature of a helping relationship there exists a code of ethics such as boundaries that helpers abide to. Boundaries help set a structure that protects the interest of the helper and the helpee (Brammer & MacDonald, p.152, 2003). * What are boundary crossings and is it appropriate? Boundary crossings are practices going away from the traditional behaviour of helpers (Guthiel & Gabbard, 1993).
Unit 304 2.1 While working in care, the aim is to give the best possible standard of care to service users, but sometimes there can be a conflict beetween the individual’s or their family’s wishes and rights and the duty of care. In this case the most important thing is to decide whether the person is aware of the risks and consequences of the decision and has the capacity to make the decision. Before taking best interest decisions I have to make sure that the person definitely lacks the capacity. The person or their next of kin has an overall right and responsibility in decision making for issues relating their care, and I need their consent to deal with certain issues. When a dilemma arises, my responsibility is to support individuals or their families to make informed choices.
My decision is virtuous as the individual was creating an unsafe environment, and I was following a moral code. If I were to issue a citation for every circumstance, it would be seen as deontological ethics. Conclusion In conclusion, through the comparison and dissimilarities of the three theories one can gain further understanding of the importance that ethics and social responsibility. The similarities between the three theories represent the good in people, their strive for excellence and justification. The differences in the three theories begin with the ethics and morality.
For the sake of time and space, the definition of two interpreting educators is referenced. “… ethics (we will define as) behavioral standards – a set of principles that defines what is judged appropriate or inappropriate, right or wrong” (Alcorn & Humphrey, 2007, p.301). Because this particular situation is not specifically mentioned in the interpreting Code of Ethics, it is necessary for the interpreter to use their own personal morals and ethical judgment in order to decide which course of action or inaction to take. In order to make this decision, critical thinking is needed. A variety of viewpoints need to be considered, and there are steps to consider.
Instead, the subject herself, through her own reason and the feelings and motives arising a priori from her rational capacities -- the feelings of respect, conscience, moral feeling and love of other human beings, must constrain herself to follow them (MS 6:399-404). Among ethical duties, the fundamental division is between duties to oneself and duties to others. Within each of these two main divisions of ethical duty, there is a further division between duties that are strictly owed, requiring specific actions or omissions, and whose violation incurs moral blame, and duties that are wide or meritorious, the specific actions not strictly owed, but deserving of moral credit or merit. Kant treats these latter as ‘duties’ (eschewing any category such as ‘supererogation’) because the actions in question are conceived as fit objects of self-constraint – things we can make ourselves do through the exercise of reason and the moral feelings arising from the application of practical reason to our faculty of desire. Regarding duties to oneself, this division is between ‘perfect’ and ‘imperfect’ duty; regarding duties to others, the strict or narrow duties are called ‘duties of respect’ while the wide or meritorious ones are called ‘duties of love.’ We may represent the major divisions of Kant’s
In order to evaluate the claim that the possession of knowledge carries ethical responsibility, it is important to understand ethics and knowledge in the general sense To put it simply, ethics is moral philosophy, or rationalization of conduct as either right or wrong. Normative ethics is the study of determining a moral course of action. The two most prominent ethical guidelines are Kantianism and Utilitarianism. Immanuel Kant suggested that ethics revolve around duty, rather than emotions. All actions are related to an underlying principle.