Ethics Essay

920 WordsAug 6, 20124 Pages
People often ask questions like, “what should I do?” or “How should I act?” However, the fundamental questions that define ethics allow individuals to evaluate the moral principles behind the rationalization of their actions. Three forms of ethics come to mind and they are virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Each has differences, which distinguish one from the other, a point this paper will advocate to readers. In addition, this paper explains and addresses each theory in conjunction to ethics and morality, in addition to the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to each theory. Virtue Theory One of the principles reading into the virtue theory is excellence. Virtue theorizes that when living life, it aims to excelling in everything an individual does. When judging based on this theory, an individual bases their judgment on the exceedingly excellence of others actions. Boylan, 2009 states, “It takes the viewpoint that living your life you should try to cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others do” (p. 133). In other words, virtue ethics aligns to the absolute good and emphasizes rationalization on the results of their actions that is likely to bring absolute good (Boylan, 2009, p. 62). A virtue theorist may ask what traits and dispositions enable them to act in a way that develops this potential. The answer is attitudes and dispositions that define an individual’s character that consist of traits like honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence (Valasquez, Andre, Shanks, & Meyer, 2010, p. 1). Utilitarian Theory The term, “the greatest good for the greatest number”, is of much benefit for this theory. Utilitarian ethics will take the harms of their actions into account and base their actions on bringing the greatest good

More about Ethics Essay

Open Document