Ethics Essay

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Ethics Essay Ethics Essay McKenzie Robinson ETH/316 Abstract In this essay I will discuss the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. I will provide a description of the differences in how each theory addresses ethics and morality. I will also discuss a personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories. Ethics Essay In this paper I will discuss the differences and similarities between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Ethics is defined as the reasoned study of what is morally right and wrong, good and bad (Manias, 2013). Virtue ethics is the first theory I will discuss. Virtue ethics theory according to Nicholas Manias the author of Ethics Applied is, “the primary focus is one’s character, especially the personal disposition to act well in various circumstances.” Virtue ethics theory focuses on helping people develop great character traits, such as compassion or bounteousness. Developing these traits will then in turn allow those people to make better decisions later in their lives. The main focus is for an individual’s morals whereas utilitarianism is based on the greatest number possible. Utilitarianism “Utilitarianism theories emphasize the aim of producing the greatest possible good for the greatest possible number” (Manias 2013). So the theory of utilitarianism is that we want to do things that will benefit the greatest amount of people. If an action benefits more people than harms them then the action was right. If an action hurts more people than helps them then the action is wrong. There are two different types of utilitarianism which would be; act utilitarian’s and rule utilitarian’s. Act utilitarian’s believe utilitarianism should be applied to every action ever taken. Rule

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