Ethics Essay

470 WordsSep 2, 20142 Pages
Ethics Essay Kevin R. Baun ETH316 Ethics Essay Ethical theory serves as the foundation for ethical solutions to the difficult situations people encounter in life. Ethical theory deals with how one should behave in relation to someone else. In the following paragraphs, virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics will discuss and compare the similarities and differences between them. Virtue Theory Virtue ethics also known as the character ethics shows that character matter above everything else. This theory places emphasis on the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about the good. This approach also focuses more on the integrity of the person than the decision or behavior itself. No matter the situation a virtuous person is someone whose kind; not because they are out to gain favors or do their duty but because this is their character. Unlike deontological theories, theories of virtue ethics do not aim primarily to identify universal principles that can be applied in any moral situations. Morality deals with one’s actions to the extent that other people are affected. It requires one to consider others for who they are and not because they may benefit them. Virtue ethics according to morality is self-centered; virtue ethics unifies what is required by morality and what is required by self-interest. Utilitarianism is a theory that suggests that an action is morally right when that produces more total utility for the group than any other alternative. This is a form on consequentialism, meaning that moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome. The Utilitarianism view is the end justifies the means and that outcome as a result of an action has a greater value compared to the later. Ethically one should take advantage of the happiness for the good of the society.

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