The members of the community who did have syphilis were denied actual treatment and were forced to live through the effects of the disease until death came. They were lured by the promise of a “special free treatment” that were actually spinal tabs conducted without any anesthesia. Spinal taps were used to sty the neurological effects of syphilis. This study was unethical, by the way it was conducted. The denial of syphilis treatment to these men and the USPHS seeking to prevent treatment to the ones’ seeking treatment was morally wrong.
Even though he witnessed many horrible things, he could not believe in his Father’s true work. He died because he was not aware of what was happening in the concentration camps. (Boyne, page 213) it states, “He assumed that it had something to do with keeping the rain out and stopping people from catching colds.” This shows that Bruno had no idea that he was taken to a gas chamber. Standing in the big room, in between skinny, shaved head men, he was more concerned on catching cold than the vision in front of him. Another example of how Bruno was avoiding thinking about what was happening around him was when he said, “I expect we’ll have to wait here till it eases off and then I’ll get to go home” (Boyne, page 212).
I didn't like him touching me like this. And this is when I hit him." Clearly, these are not the actions a normal 15- year old boy would undertake in the presence of a figure of authority such as a police officer. Yet, a young boy may feel this way and take these same actions because his innocence shelters the boy from knowing the difference between a police officer and any other man, or from knowing whether these actions are wrong or right. The innocent mind truly has no filter, and it is completely up to the parents to reinforce the idea of what is wrong, and what is right.
The guards afterwards confessed that they had become a person they were not. The participants realized through this experiment that they were capable of inhumane behavior, which they had never imagined they could ever engage in. This could be best explained by the concept of cognitive dissonance. Through cognitive dissonance, a person experiences a change of beliefs that can often be an important part of their identity, due to environmental changes. These prison guards claimed that they would have never known they could be capable of such aggressive and cruel behavior.
Therefore In this essay I intend to put across both side of the arguments and then conclude with my own personnel opinion. Some people are against smacking children because the research evidence shown is overwhelming; smacking children is an ineffective way to manage children's behavior and damages their development. We have laws that protect adults from being assaulted by other adults however many people still believe that smacking children is a legal form of discipline. Is this therefore not ironic? As an adult can be protected by violence but a child does not have the same right.
John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner – Little Albert Experiment The aim of the experiment was to investigate whether fear can be acquired through classical conditioning on human beings. Before conditioning, pre-testing was done to see if Albert was capable of producing a fear response. The checked if he was afraid of different materials, such as: a white rat, a rabbit, a dog, a monkey, masks with and without hair, cotton wool, burning newspapers, etc but he demonstrated no fear. They found that little Albert showed fear when exposed to loud noises. They started conditioning by showing Albert a white rat.
| Deception | The participants were deceived related to what they were informed about that the experiment was studying. The participants believed they were administering shocks to the learner. | There was no deception as all participants were told in advance that if they became prisoners many of their usual rights would be suspended and they would have only minimal adequate diet. | Protection from harm | The participants (learners) were affected to the point where 3 people have full blown seizures. Many of the participant’s experiences nervous
The reason why he was used in the experiment was because he had no record of being emotional and when he was 9 months he was 21 pounds. Researchers believed because of these two factors he was the best fit to perform the tests on. A white rat, rabbit, masks with and without hair, dog, cotton wool and blocks were the objects that were used in these tests. Scientists placed the different objects and animals in front of Albert to see his reaction, and all was received was positive feedback. After this, loud noises were then tested to see if this would strike fear in the child.
In the Stanford Prison Experiment and the events with occurred at Abu Ghraib, the guards weren’t trained to be guards of any sort. The guards weren’t given set of rules to of how to detain the prisoners; therefore, they were to be creative in regards of doing their job effectively. In both situations, the guards resorted to sadistic and inhumane forms of torture to keep the prisoners in place. The guards didn’t have any history of psychological problems or violence prior, but it’s shocking what type of measures the guards went to because of their environment and power trip. For the prisoners, they became depressed, psychologically distraught, dehumanized, and powerless.
Because fear and pain does not play a role on this utopian society, let alone death, the term “Release” was created to veil the true meaning of death. When Jonas found out the true meaning of Release through watching his father release a baby, he felt so angry and confused that his own father killed a baby with his own hands. However, the Giver calmed him and explained to him: “Listen to me, Jonas. They can’t help it. They know nothing….