According to Furedi (2004, p174) a typical form of a therapeutic process for counseling involving individuals is composed of different techniques and theories which are taken from different approaches. These approaches are psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral and person-centered approaches as well as behavior modification techniques. All these approaches were chosen to depend on their effectiveness and relevance to the client. The relationship expected to thrive between a therapist and a client should be a fiduciary one which is characterized by distinctive trust. It is noteworthy that professional boundaries should ensure that patients needs remain primary.
Summary Dual Relationship In this example they talk about a type of dual relationship that is bartering between a counselor and a client. Barter is the acceptance of goods, services, or other nonmonetary remuneration from clients/patients in return for psychological services. The example is of a client and a counselor who trade services with one another instead of payment. The understanding is that this is something that is common in that town or community. This is a common practice in many other communities so there aren’t any codes that say it’s illegal or unethical, but they do advice counselors to be careful and to know the pitfalls.
Therapeutic alliance is a variable that needs to be effective in order to have a successful therapeutic outcome. Carl Rogers initiated the role purpose of the therapeutic alliance. Rogers (1965) identified empathy, genuinessness and unconditional positive regard as therapeutic tools during counselling sessions. In order to re-evaluate my skills, I performed a brief counselling session with my client, Mona. I found that using certain skills such as paraphrasing, reflecting feelings, summarising, challenging and asking open questions to explore options were required to form a therapeutic alliance between my client and me.
Personal integration in counselling psychotherapy Introduction. Being a good therapist some would say is about being human with another human being and not about applying theory, others may find it hard not to deal with the theory, using it constantly, thinking about theory in relation to each question that could be asked while being with the client. I would suggest that theory needs to be part of me, and I need to be part of the theory. Integrating theory allows it not to be different from me, it allows theory to be part of me. Horton (1999), regarded personal integration as a desire to clarify what is a model of counselling or psychotherapy, then use the conclusion as a way to structure the elements for an analysis of thinking in practice.
If we take the example of therapeutic alliance; the psychodynamic therapist assumes authority where the person-centered emphasizes equality. In my opinion, it is essential that the therapist is in the position of authority at the beginning of the therapeutic process. The client may begin to see that if the superordinate therapist accepts the client unconditionally, then they might reduce their conditions of worth and accept themselves also. This might not be as effective if the therapist is seen as an equal because the superego/conditions of worth are not generally adapted from those who are equal. As the client comes closer to insight, the therapist can start giving the control back to the client, just as the parent child relationship becomes more equal as the child becomes more mature.
What guidelines should be applied to the evaluation of psychological research and practices? What ethical dilemmas might arise in psychological research and how might they be avoided? Guidelines were set forth and applied to the evaluation of the research and practices of psychology to establish values, maintain moral boundaries for the respect of the person’s rights and dignity, and analyze the specific needs based on the client. Every client has different needs and by identifying the circumstances and it should be an essential guideline to make the necessary adjustments when performing psychological research and practices. Making adjustments to the client’s needs should also configure in with the guidelines, rules and the law.
Knowing the Human Service Professional and their drive for helping is truly compelling. Sometimes we realize many people with a need will not ask for help; this is when the research steps in. The cases for help will come across the desk for assistance if noticed by other Healthcare providers. Encountering a person in the Human Service Profession would be a privilege because while in this particular job; it is not just a career; it is a way of living. Many of us are born and raised to help one another.
Benner (1984) used clinical situation examples (exemplar's) to show how 'expert' practitioners can positively influence outcomes for clients. Examples of expert practice can be shared through reflection on critical incidents. The potential for learning from actual and sometimes painful experience is lost or buried if the practitioner does not reflect upon the incident or there is no way in which it can be shared. The sharing of experience is usually carried out in small intimate networks of colleagues or in a safe group. However, the pace of the work environment and the shortage of staff may mitigate against such opportunities.
Analysis of the Ethical Awareness Inventory Michelle Sargent PSY 490 05/28/2012 John Papazafiropoulos Abstract Ethics are often considered a very personal concept; however in the field of psychology it is so much more. The EAI begins with a brief description of what ethical awareness is and how it affects the decisions one makes. The process is based on a simple response format that is designed to elicit responses that define an individuals’ “preferred” or most likely ethical approach. The CORE of this inventory is based on character, obligation, results and equity. The CORE of the EAI is good for foundational purposes and should be used as a guideline in the career and educational path choices in the field of psychology.
The Process of Ethical Decision Making E. Alyce Zellmer Liberty University Abstract The purpose of this paper is to delve into a good process of decision making pertaining specifically to ethical dilemmas that will inevitably arise during a counselor’s career. Ethical dilemmas are, by their very nature, not easy to resolve. As such, it is important to have a process or outline with which to structure and guide one’s thoughts and decisions about such dilemmas. Having such a process helps the decision maker, in this case, a counselor, put a little emotional distance between himself or herself and the problem at hand. Writing it all out would also be beneficial for two reasons.