Ethical Egoism Essay

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Two types of egoism: psychological egoism which states that humans are biologically constituted so that we by necessity act in our own self-interests and Ethical egoism which states that we ought to act in our best or rational self- interest even though we don’t always do. Ethical egoism is the use of reason to calculate which actions are best for a person’s self-interest. Ethical egoism is similar to ethical subjectivism because they both focus on people looking out for their own interests. However, Ethical egoism differs from ethical subjectivism because ethical egoism is when people look out for their own best self-interests. Unlike ethical subjectivism which is when people act on what feels good or what they believe is right for them. For example, not studying for an exam to go out with friends might be what a student wants to do but it is not in his or her best interest. Hedonism is similar to ethical egoism but like ethical subjectivism, is uses pleasure as a means of value. Hedonism is the belief that pleasure is a person’s best self-interests. Also, ethical egoism is not the same as egotism. An egotist is a person who is self-centered. They do not necessarily act upon their best interests because they distance themselves from others which can interfere with their overall happiness. Ethical egoism does not require a person to ignore the interests of others because at times, serving the interest of others is in their best interest. However, ethical egoism does not allow a person to put another person’s interests before their own if it is not in their best interest. Ayn Rand an American novelist and philosopher believed in a type of ethical egoism known as objectivist ethics. She believed in an objective reality; people value things that help them survive, and those things are what are in their self-interest. She believed that reason was what set

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