Ethics gain from personal experience. Ethics are derived from values. Values help individuals to choose ethically. Therefore, ethics provides the structure for conduct. Ethical issues vary from legal issues because ethical issues are individualistic and legal issues are embodied in a system that governs society.
Ethical Naturalism is a cognitive theory of Meta ethics which holds the belief that ethical statements are the same as non ethical ones, so can be verified or falsified in the same way. For example those looking to find out if euthanasia is right or wrong could look at evidence in order to verify or falsify the statement. If this evidence led to the conclusion that euthanasia ends the suffering of an individual then they could argue that euthanasia is right. This can be used as an argument for the meaningfulness of ethical language as being able to prove what is right or wrong can teach us how to act in an ethical way. G.E Moore argued against Ethical Naturalism as he believed that defining concepts such as ‘good’ are impossible and any attempt to define ‘good’ is to commit The Naturalistic Fallacy.
The word ‘ethics’ basically means moral values, it effects the way a person lives their life, and it also has an effect on decisions people make. ‘How to live a good life’, ‘our rights and responsibilities’, ‘the language of right and wrong’, ‘what is good and bad’, all of these come under ethics. People’s perception of ethics can differentiate from religions, philosophies, and cultures. Topics like abortion, professional conduct, and human rights are all debateable because of ethics. http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/introduction/intro_1.shtml I think that ethics is acknowledging the difference between something right and wrong; it is a thinking procedure of deciding whether something shouldn’t or should be done.
Ethical Lens Peter Urrutia Gen200 September 19, 2012 Timothy Harrington Ethical Lens This course has encouraged the use of an ethics game that determines what an individual’s particular ethical outlook is. The ethical lens looks at a couple of specific categories preferred lens, blind spots, strengths, weaknesses, values, and results of behavior. This serves as a valuable tool to understand your outlook toward ethics as well as others outlook on you. My personal preferred ethical lens was the rights/responsibilities and relationship lens. According to the exercise this lens means that I use reasoning skills and universal rules that each person should follow along with fairness and justice.
Ethics are defined as an internal duty (Tunick, 1992). Because laws are defined by social reasoning through individualist ethics and ethics are influence through individualism, personal reason becomes a part of both the law and ethic and the duty becomes both internal and external. Counseling decision-making is determined by both personal and social reasoning of the law and ethics. Understanding both the legal system and the code of ethics in relationship to decision-making with the field of counseling
My Personal Ethical Theories Immanuel Kant argued that moral requirements are based on a standard of rationality (Johnson, 2012). The two theories deontological ethics and virtue ethics are all encompassed under his moral philosophies. I believe that my strong Catholic upbringing and my personal and professional experiences lend me to follow these ethical theories and align most closely to my value system. My personal ethics and values are very easy to understand. When I am to make a decision I ask myself the following questions: Is what I am doing right or wrong?
Social work values and ethical dilemmas What are values, ethics, ethical dilemmas and a code of ethics? Values relate to principles and attitudes that provide direction to everyday living. Values also refer to beliefs or standards considered desirable by a culture, group or individual (AASW). Similar to values, but slightly different, ethics means a system of beliefs held about what constitutes moral judgement and right conduct, they are moral principles (rules, guides) (AASW). So an ethical dilemma is then when a person is faced with a choice between two equally conflicting moral principles and it is not clear cut which choice will be the right one (AASW).
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRITICAL THINKING AND ETHICS The relationship between critical thinking and ethics can be construed differently depending on the individual. However, they seem to work together. While building on one, you are also building on the other. Ethics deals with rules or behaviors based on ideas about what is morally good and bad. Critical thinking can be described as a process by which we determine whether or not something is right or wrong.
The Ethical Lens Inventory also helps you determine whether you begin an ethical analysis by focusing on the individual or the community. Two of the ethical lenses emphasize individuals determining for themselves what behavior is ethical. * Rights and Responsibilities Lens: You (autonomy) use your reason (rationality) to determine the universal principles and rules by which you and others should live. * Relationship Lens: You (autonomy) use your feelings and intuition (sensibility) to determine the choices that you should make to contribute to your happiness, and by extension, the happiness of all. The other two ethical lenses emphasize the community determining as a whole what behavior is ethical.
. . The Center promotes ethical decision-making that is guided by moral principles and values, such as respect for persons, justice, and compassion. It does not tell people what to think; but rather, tells people what to think about in making ethical decisions." Includes resources on ethical decision making, as well as links to other resources focusing on ethics.