Ethica Essay

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Relativism Paper What are ethics? The answer to this question will be different for each individual’s cultural upbringing. Put yourself in the following situation: You are at Super One Grocery Store doing some weekend shopping, the middle aged woman ahead of you in the check-out line is taking a long time to make her purchase, she has multiple coupons and wants to use exact change, as she leaves you see her drop a twenty dollars from her bulging wallet. Will you alert her to the fact that she has dropped the money, or pick it up for yourself and consider it a reward for the putting up with her antics? Your next move will depend on the cultural values you have come to deem as acceptable throughout your life. According to Dictionary.com, “ethics are a system of moral principles that comes from a branch of philosophy dealing with values relating to human conduct, with respect to the rightness and wrongness of certain actions and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions.” In short, ethics are a set of values/morals that a certain culture/person abides by, but what does it mean to be ethical? This is a very difficult question to answer due to the fact that there are various ethical theories that one should act upon. The utilitarianism theory states that human actions should produce the greatest amount “good” for the greatest amount of people. Whereas the egoism theory tells us to act upon the idea that humans should attempt to maximize the benefits for personal gain. A theory that I am quite fond of is the relativism theory; there are various arguments for and against it which I will delve deeper into now. Moral-relativism.com states that “moral relativism is the view that ethical standards and positions of right or wrong are culturally based and therefore subject to a person's individual choice. We can all decide what is right for

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