In this experiment, the amount of energy (heat) involved in a chemical change will be determined. When alcohol burns it produces carbon dioxide and water as products. Energy is also released in the reaction. The alcohols that will be used are, methanol CH3OH, ethanol CH3CH2OH, propanol CH3(CH)2OH, butanol C4H9OH, octanol C8H18O, and paraffin wax C25H52. The heat obtained when a known mass of alcohol or paraffin wax burns will be used to warm a measured volume of water.
LabQuest 34 Vapor Pressure and Heat of Vaporization Vapor pressure or scientifically called equilibrium vapor pressure is the condition wherein the vapor from a liquid over the same liquid in a sealed container is at a point wherein the amount of gas leaving the liquid equals the amount of gas re-entering the liquid from the vapor above the liquid. However there is a mathematical between temperature and vapor pressure, and the Clausius-Clayperon equation attest to this relationship. Clausius-Clayperon equation - ln P = - [∆Hvap / R][1/T] +C The intent of this experiment was to determine the temperature/vapor pressure relationship using the volatile liquid ethanol, CH3CH2OH; and calculate its heat of vaporization. This data was collected over a range of temperatures, 22.4° C to 34.9° C. It was intentional that the temperature remained under 40° C less the pressure inside the Erlenmeyer flask got high enough to pop the stopper out of the Erlenmeyer flask. Materials and equipment: MATERIALS Labquest 20 mL syringe Labquest App two 125 mL Erlenmeyer flasks Vernier Gas Pressure Sensor ethanol, CH3CH2OH Temperature Probe 400 mL beaker rubber stopper assembly 1 liter beaker plastic tubing with two connectors hot plate Procedure: The apparatus was set up as requested by the Lab quest 34 handout and an initial pressure reading of 101.6kpa was obtained at room temperature, 22.4° C. Then the Erlenmeyer flask and the sensors were conditioned to the water bath by holding the flask down into the water bath to the bottom of the white stopper for 30 seconds, and then the valve on the white stopper was closed to keep the ethanol vapor from leaving the container at any time during the experiment.
The effects of ethanol and nicotine on the cardio vascular system in Lumbriculus variegatus Introduction: The importance of the circulatory system was first suggested by William Harvey in 1628. In this experiment the effects of drugs on the cardio vascular system will be tested and studied specifically on the pulsation rate. The role of the cardio vascular system is the distribution of oxygen, nutrients and resources, as well as the removal of waste products, certain factors that affect these processes may be various gases, chemicals consumed may upset the ph or interfere with other physiological processes, certain chemicals may stimulate or inhibit physiology in an organism. The test subject that will undergo treatment is the blackworm Lumbriculus variegatus, blackworms are suitable because of the visibility of pulse through their transparent skin, the pulse is observed under the microscope travelling from tail to head in the dorsal blood vessel blackworms are low maintenance organisms, ideal to use in the laboratory and finally are easier to treat, by just exposing them to chemicals they undergo changes with physiological functions (as opposed to mice that need to be inhaled, fed or injected with treatments). Lumbricalis variegates cardio vascular system has a myogenic nature(myogenic-depolarisation impulses for heartbeats originating in muscle cells), the dorsal and ventral blood vessels have peristaltic pumps (Halfmann & Crisp 2011).
The monochromator separates the wavelengths of light and focuses each of them onto the photodetector sequentially. 13. State the purpose, use, operation, calibration, and maintenance for pH/blood gas analyzer (include diagram and description of a pH glass electrode). * The purpose of the PH and blood gas analyzer is to measures blood pH (acid-base balance) of the blood. The PH/blood gas monitor is uses to gives accurate pH, pC02and po2 determination on the blood sample or other body fluids.
This will help determine the types of ions present in the water sample. Ions also absorb light differently according to the concentration of the ions in the solution. Using absorption spectroscopy the absorption rate is used to determine which ions are present in the solution and at what concentration. The equation m1v1=m2v2 will be need where m1 and v1 are the initial concentration and volume, and m2 and v2 and the final concentration and volume. Experimental: List of Chemicals 0.5 M NaCl solution 0.5 M LiCl solution 0.5 M KCl solution 0.5 M CaCl2 solution 0.5 M SrCl2 solution Fe/Cu solution containing 400 ppm Cu2+ and 20 ppm Fe3+ in SCN- solution 20 M iron(III) nitrate solution
b. Calculate the fuel value in kJ/g for each of these compounds. c. FOr each hydrocarbon determine the percentage of hydrogen by mass. d. By comparing your answers for part (b) and (c), propose a relationship between hydrogen content and fuel value in hydrocarbons. a) for a we first need to find a balanced equation for when the hydrocarbons combust to form CO2 and H20.
Any increase in the rate of reaction will cause an increase in the pressure of the oxygen. The first line of the graph (top) represents the normal rate of the reaction in a water solution of hydrogen peroxide and catalase. The second line represents the rate of reaction when acid is added to the solution and the third line represents the rate of reaction when a base is added to the solution. 1. What variable is plotted on the x-axis?
Results: Zinc Metal - Iodine - Iodide + Triodide + Zinc Ion + Focus Questions: 1. Is there a way to put energy into Zinc Iodide in order to regain the elements, zinc and iodine? If there is a way, how does it happen? Yes, this can be done through electrolysis using a battery and exposed wire tips. Take sample of Zinc Iodide and dissolve in solution.
b) What is the molar concentration (molarity) of ethanol in the wine? Chem 131 Solution Stoichiometry and Gas Law Problems Page 1 Problem 3 As part of some research for the product Alka-Seltzer, a researcher combines 0.840g sodium bicarbonate with 100.0 mL of 0.0500 M citric acid (H3C6H5O7). a) Write the molecular, complete ionic, and net ionic equations for this reaction (assume that each molecule of citric acid is completely neutralized). b) If the dry gas that the student actually collects occupies a volume of 0.196 L at 25°C and 1.00 atm pressure, what is the percentage yield of this reaction? c) The researcher