March 25, 1947 is the day 111 coal miners were killed during their routine daily duties at the Centralia Coal Mine. There was a massive explosion that changed the city of Centralia forever. The cause of the massive explosion was due to a buildup of coal dust. The explosion was one hundred percent preventable if the necessary actions were taken in to affect beforehand. The conditions of the coal mine was deadly.
This paper is a recounting of the events surrounding the accident, both before, during, and after. It also includes connections to modern day actions that can be taken based on the lessons learned. Crisis Management: An Analysis of the 1947 Texas City Explosion On April 16, 1947, a cargo ship carrying a large amount of ammonium nitrate in its hold exploded in the port of Texas City, Texas. About 15 hours after the initial explosion, another ship carrying ammonium nitrate also exploded. Estimates by the Red Cross and the Texas Department of Public Safety counted 468 fatalities, 100 persons missing and never found, and approximately 3,500 injured.
Most of the impact of this was experienced by the marine species. Eight U.S. national parks were threatened and more than 400 species that live in the Gulf islands were at risk, including the endangered Kemp's Ridley turtle. The clean up of this travesty cost the government and companies billions to clear. As a result of the spill deep sea drilling in the Gulf was suspended until new safety measures had been put in place, costing governments and companies further millions, whilst the price of oil continued to rise. A spill in other deep sea areas such as the Arctic could accelerate damage in a very sensitive environment, which is already dangerously close to its
At approximately 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18, 1906 the city of San Francisco was struck by a 7.9 magnitude earthquake! The main shock occurred offshore about 2 miles out. The earthquake happened along the San Andreas Fault line, and the shock was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles. The earthquake was extremely catastrophic which also resulted in fires. This earthquake is remembered as one of the most destructive natural disasters next to the Galveston hurricane of 1900, and hurricane Katrina of 2005.
Residents went to emergency shelters because of the radiation. Equipment failure, human error, and bad luck would conspire to create America’s worst nuclear accident. The impact of Three Mile Island was terrible, there was a massive cleanup. The cleanup started in August of 1979 and officially ended in December of 1993. The cleanup cost about 975 million dollars.
Anyone that the plague came upon, caused reddening stains on the face and the body would appear, which caused the individual to be thrown in a secluded quarantine factory. This disease appeared in over less than an hour. During this time no one could find the cure for this impeccable disease. As time goes on mass destruction is steady rising in the city. When President Toro heard of this distraught news he was horrified of the mass destruction that was going on.
Laurance Shames, holding a Harvard MBA, depicts American consumerism in the first paragraph of “The More Factor,” as “there is no tale more American than this” (90). Suggesting having more is the American story, stitched into the very fabric of our flag. Most of the early settlers cultured the idea dreaming of vast limitless expanses of unclaimed tracts of land. In the old world the idea of a commoner attaining land was imaginable only to the rich and monarchs. Shames implied the end of having an ever expanding economy to support the idea of American prosperity passed us by over twenty years ago on black Monday (94).
SOC, Wk 2 Activity-Assignment March, 14, 2013 Pollution in Richmond, California When chemical substances or energy to a natural environment surpasses, pollution is created. When these standard levels regulated by countries are exceeded, it can damage the ecosystem and living organisms. Various effects caused by pollution can be respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, throat inflammation, chest pain, congestion and sometimes death. This Chevron refinery of 2,900 acres in Richmond, California, was completed 1902. The plant contained 19 stills that could process 10,000 barrels of crude a day and had a tankage capability of 185,000 barrels in its first year of setup and it has over 1,300 employees.
September 11th, 2001 was the worse and most catastrophic day in our countries history. On that dreadful day the Twin Towers and the U.S. Pentagon were attacked. Nearly 3,000 people lost their lives on that day. In this case it is quite hard to move on from such events and one can’t help but ponder to themselves could’ve this been prevented? However there is nothing we can do to turn back time but we as a country can make precautions to ensure that this day’s events won’t ever reoccur again.