Eth 125 Week 5 Essay

711 WordsJul 15, 20133 Pages
The African American community had to deal with much discrimination throughout history. Beginning the discrimination was when Europeans shipped enslaved African Americans into the Jamestown colony in 1619 to help harvest tobacco (Slavery in America, 2012. Slaves evolved to tend different crops for the slave owners including sugar, rice, and wheat. Enslaved African Americans worked from sun up to sun down in the hot fields to tend crops (Slavery in America, 2012). Once the Civil war was started blacks tried to join the Army but were turned away because of a law that was being upheld to keep African Americans from enlisting. This discrimination lasted until President Lincoln passed the Final Proclamation. African Americans were then allowed to enlist in the Army but the black soldiers were still discriminated against and segregated (The Civil War and Emancipation, 2012). Throughout the years there have been many concerns about the African Americans participating in political causes. One example would be the state of Mississippi adopting a literacy test to keep blacks from voting. The literacy test used also caused white people from being able to vote as well, so the state adopted a grandpa clause, which let anyone to vote that was eligible to vote before 1870 regardless of literacy or tax qualifications. The grandpa clause was a way to allow white people to vote while stopping the black community from casting their votes. In the 1700s and 1800s there were several laws that supported slavery. The South Carolina Act of 1740 made it illegal to teach slaves reading and writing. It also made slave owners responsible for keeping slaves in control and from rebelling (Slavery in America, 2012). The South Carolina Act of 1740 was established after the Stono Rebellion in 1739. In the Stono Rebellion slaves killed a few white men and stole weapons in South Carolina. The slaves

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