UNIT 012 Principles of assessment in lifelong learning Main methods of assessments in life long learning are: academic (knowledge) and vocational (performance). Dependent on the subject, the assessment method may need to be adapted, using and adapting both these type assessments will ensure that the students acquire optimum achievement during my lesson. To decide which of these is most appropriate, the assessment cycle will be used: • Initial assessment - used to identify if my students already know something about the subject to be assessed and the needs of my students (for example more support). • Assessment planning - used to plan the suitable types and method of assessment following relevant organisational guidelines. • Assessment activity - to determine this, the method could be assessorled like completing questioning or student-led like gathering evidence of competence.
1) Establish rules for the Group that create an atmosphere for learning and address issues before they develop. 2) Help the group to understand standards and expectations. 3) Help to develop teacher/pupil relations based on respect. 4) Encourages interactive participation for greater understanding and exploration. 5) Assists teacher to determine group pace and plan modular stage for course completion.
It is important that the teacher appreciate any input from their students, whether the answer is correct or not. This openness will instil confidence and motivation from within the group and help their learning experience. To create a positive learning environment, with a clear structure, a teacher needs to have the ability to plan their lectures or sessions effectively. With clear goals and aims which match up with the curriculum. These lessons need to be creative, incorporate activities and techniques that will engage the learner.
‘Academic integrity’ is used as a term to cover the ability for every Open University student to demonstrate what they have learned, how well they know it and how they are able to put it into practice. This allows students to be fairly assessed by tutors, other students and provide relevant feedback on progress. Written assignments provide a window into the learner’s understanding. Tutors can accurately assess a learner’s knowledge through a written assignment and fairly compare to the work produced by other learners. By submitting assignments in accordance to ‘good academic practice’, fair feedback can be received and learning can be supported appropriately.
To better understand this aspect of the role of the teacher, one would have to understand the teaching and learning cycle The teaching and learning cycle The teaching and learning cycle enables training to be effective if all the stages in the cycle if followed through. Identification of needs: As a tutor, my first role in the teaching and learning cycle would be to identify learners’ needs and the needs of the organisation. It is suggested that this is carried out before teaching starts. In an ideal situation, the learner would have completed some documentation that will provide the tutor some advance information on the learner. An example of this would be in a case of a learner who requires extra support i.e.
I will create this environment through an engaging curriculum, personable interaction, topic orientated discussions, and group work. Since my license will include an endorsement in Special Education my classroom management will include a focus on flexibility defined as the ability to respond to the moods, emotions and the capabilities of my students on any given day. Meeting the needs of my students, based on their individual need, will be a crucial part of my classroom management structure. I will accomplishment this by promoting self-management and self-efficacy in my students to the best of their abilities. Creating a predictable, consistent, and success-oriented environment will promote self-management in my students by creating, basic, daily routines with limited changes (Savage & Savage, 2010).
‘Explain the ways you would establish ground rules with your learners which would underpin behaviour and respect for others.’ Setting ground rules within a group establishes what the tutor and the group can expect from each other in terms of social as well as educational expectations. An understanding of why each rule is in place will ensure learners and tutor feel more comfortable about its existence and helps to provide a good learning environment for all in the group. The delivery of these rules can be important when teaching adults as some learners’ feel more at ease having set rules or boundaries whereas others whose negative experiences of their schooling may feel an unconscious resentment. Rather than imposing a stated list of rules or laying down the law, asking for opinions and experiences, then drawing from that any expectations of the group can be a mutually beneficial way of establishing what ground rules should be made and more importantly why they are important or relevant to the group. This method is also a good way to encourage the exchange of ideas and opinions within the group as learners are more likely to relate to each other, discuss, and help each other further on in the course.
The steps for effectively planning learning activities is based on the 'pupils individual needs, abilities and interests'. Information gathered from one to ones, observation reports and assessments of the student will inform the learning materials used as well as the curriculum requirements outlined by the education standards organisation. The use of a continuous planning cycle will ensure that the pupils needs and the requirements of the school are met. I would use the following processes to plan learning activities. This includes; * Identifying individual learning needs via one to ones or through observations.
It means that students can take responsibility for some of their own progression. Students can ask themselves what am I learning and how can I do it better. Giving students constructive feedback will allow them to recognise how they can progress and achieve the next step in their learning. Having confidence that all students can improve. Both the teacher and student are involved in the reviewing process and can reflect on the assessment information.