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LECTURE ONE THE CONCEPT OF GENDER Lecture Outline 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Objectives 1.3 Definitions of Key terms in Gender and Development 1.3.1 Gender 1.3.2 Gender Equality 1.3.3 Gender Equity 1.3.4 Gender Inequality 1.3.5 Gender Discrimination 1.3.6 Gender Sensitivity 1.3.7 Gender Awareness 1.3.8 Gender Analysis 1.3.9 Gender Mainstreaming 1.4 Gender Equity Versus Gender Equality 1.5 Relevance of Gender Differences 1.6 Theoretical Perspectives in Gender Issues 1.7 Summary 1.8 References 1.1 Introduction In this lecture, we shall define gender. In the process of doing so, we shall also look at the key concepts in gender and development. We shall then move on to discuss the importance of gender issues in development. Thereafter we shall look at gender mainstreaming. We shall go further and look at gender in project and policy cycles. | 1.2 Objectives At the end of the lecture, you should be able to: * Define gender, gender equity, gender equality, gender balance and Gender integration * Differentiate between Gender Equity versus Gender Equality * Discuss the importance of gender issues in development * Explain the relationship between gender and development | 1.3 Definitions of Key Terms in Gender and Development In this sub section we shall define key terms/concepts that will enhance our understanding of gender and development. 1.3.1 Gender According to Porter and Sweetman (2005), gender refers to the socially constructed roles of and relations between men and women. Let us differentiate gender from ‘sex’. Sex refers to biological characteristics which define humans as female or male. These biological characteristics are not mutually exclusive however, as there are individuals who possess both though rare. From our definition we can see that gender refers to roles that are created

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