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1865 WordsFeb 21, 20138 Pages
BIODIVERSITY IN ALBANIA Albania is a Mediterranean country on the Balkan Peninsula in the south of Europe. Albania sits at the interface between the mountainous Balkans, a continental European climate and the Mediterranean region. The Albanian coastline is 476 km long, and the Adriatic and Ionian Seas have a great impact on the climate, flora, and fauna in the country. Part of the Balkan region, Albania is a relatively small country. Most of the country is mountainous, rising to 2700 m, and 41 % of the 3.3 million population lives on the extensive coastal plain. The population has doubled over the last thirty years and there is substantial migration towards the cities of the coastal zone. Although Albania is a small country, it is very rich in biological and landscape diversity. This is due to its geographical position, geological factors, hydrology, climate, and soil conditions. Albania is part of the Mediterranean Alps in the line Dinarido-Albanido-Helenid, and is characterised by a diversity of rock formations since Palaeozoic time. There are more sedimentary and volcanic formations, while metamorphic ones are less common. Other formations such as alluvial, proluvial, koluvial, and deluvial glaciers, marshes, and lakes, are younger and from the Quaternary area. Within Albania there are tectonic zones which during their geological development changed to tectonic and neo-tectonic configurations. The Albanian relief is mostly hilly and mountainous. There is a diversity of morphological formations and slopes. It has a young age since the Albanian relief originated during the Miocene Age. At the beginning of the Quaternary Age, the Adriatic lowland and other inland lowlands were attached to the continental part of Albania, but the existing relief shape was formulated during the Pliocene Period. The evolution of the Albanian

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