Essay On The Role Of Women In The 1940s

465 Words2 Pages
Role of Women in America in the 1940s The 1940s -- and especially the first half of the decade -- brought a massive change to the role of women in American society. Not only did women enter the production process, but the whole perception on the capabilities of the so-called "weak gender" altered. Despite the fact that the change was short-lived, according to the National Park Service, the road taken by women in the 1940s continued into the future. Women in the Workforce Working women were not an alien spectacle in the American society. According to numbers of the National Park Service, by late 1941, 14 million women constituted one quarter of the nation's workforce. The Second World War was a pivotal event for women's establishment as an equal part of the workforce. Men entered military service, leaving a high number of jobs vacant which women had to cover. By the end of the war, the number of employed women had risen to 18 million, one third of the total workforce Contribution to War Effort Direct involvement of women in military operations in the European and East Asian theatre of the war was limited. However, the nation's female population played a decisive role in wartime production, ensuring the smooth transition to a war economy. For example, according to data in Susan Hartmann's "The Home Front and Beyond," between…show more content…
Therefore, a number of women were laid off or took up lower-paying "female" jobs, such as domestic workers, secretaries and clerical workers. In addition, as the National Park Service suggests, the change in the image of women was only temporary and most women returned to their home-keeping duties. "Rosie the Riveter," first featured in the song of the same name by R. Evans and J. Loeb in 1943 and depicted as a tireless female assembly line worker in posters and magazines, was no longer the dominant
Open Document