They believed that they are “God’s chosen people”, called by God to build a “city on the hill” in the newfound land. Therefore convinced by the fact that they were on a divine mission to America, the puritans concluded that they needed to convert the uncivilized Native American people to Christianity in order to fulfill their mission. The relative equity of the puritans I believe had stemmed largely from optimistic expectations of the Indians religious and social conversion.
There was a further implication resulting from this newly elevated status; before The Great Awakening, the emphasis was on God; now the emphasis is on people’s response to God. The second result of the Great Awakening, and certainly growing out of the elevated status of people, was a changed concept of the church. Before The Great Awakening there had been the effort to make people conform to a single church. After The Great Awakening, with the down-playing of theology and the new emphasis on emotional conversion experiences, the idea grows up that the church is whatever you want it to be. Before, the church had been forming people; now people formed the church.
The Antebellum reform movements included the Second Great Awakening, education reform, prison reform, the Temperance Movement, and the Feminist Movement. In the 1700s, faiths such as deism and Unitarianism acquired more followers. This led to the wave of religious revival across America known as the Second Great Awakening. This movement was mainly caused by new religious thinking. It had great success in bringing tons of people into religion.
Many of the early puritans and pilgrims arrived in America with a fervent faith and vision for establishing a godly nation. Within a century the ardor had cooled. The children of the original immigrants were more concerned with increasing wealth and comfortable living than furthering the Kingdom of God. The same spiritual malaise could be found throughout the American colonies. The philosophical rationalism of the Enlightenment was spreading its influence among the educated classes; others were preoccupied with the things of this world.
One that I particularly feel is important is that religion reached a more personal level. God was not merely a voice of authority in the scripture, but was coming out through the bodies of "touched individuals", making religion an extremely personal experience. Many historians also claim a connection between the Great Awakening and the American Revolution, which followed shortly after. More than anything, I believe the Great Awakening was a uniquely "American" experience and one of the first examples of the newly emerging culture, a culture that, as it became more and more pronounced, helped signify and draw attention to the growing changes between the colonists and Great
It was the action of its forefathers that has allowed the American nation to take its place as a leader in the world today. The Fathers of America came from many religions and faiths, some had no faith, but they all saw the wisdom and morality in the Ten Commandments, and they knew a nation without law would not last or be strong. The courage and strength it took the American fathers to agree on inalienable rights that were the rights of all humans. The resolve the American fathers had to see the task through, to stay the course, Declare Independence. Draft and sign the Constitution.
“Making disciples” has been reinterpreted these days to mean “make converts.” I do not believe any Christian is called to merely make converts. I especially do not believe that chaplains are called to proselytize within their unit or Area of Operations (AO). In fact, to proselytize is diametrically opposed to the role of chaplain and the job description—it will get a chaplain removed from post, as I think it should. Let me explain the
THE DEVIL IN SALEM VILLAGE In 1630, the Puritans founded the Massachusetts Bay colony to create a model Christian commonwealth for others to emulate. However, fifty years later the Puritan movement was dangerously in jeopardy of losing its following. Many of the youth had become alienated from their parents’ lifestyles and beliefs and had become “increasingly preoccupied with material pleasures and comfort.” (Morgan, 45) The Puritans also lost the royal charter to govern their colony freely from English rule, virtually ending their fifty-five year independence. Madness soon began, with King James II attempting to regain rule of the colony, conspiracies of witchcraft being thrown around in Boston and Salem, and the Puritans realization of murdering dozens of innocent civilians. During the year of 1685, times grew increasingly tough for the Massachusetts citizens.
Many people in our modern day society turn to their beliefs for comfort during tough times. Statistics show that since our country began to face economic tough times, the attendance in churches has increased. Many Americans are now finding time in their work day to visit some type of religious institution. The same was true in the mid 1900’s when the civil rights movement started. Faith in God was the driving force behind the (mostly) non-violent marches, protests, boycotts, rallies, and sit-ins that were designed to bring about equality for African Americans.
Puritan Influence On the New England Colonies 1630 Through the 1660's In the 1630's and the 1640's, Puritans migrated to the colonies in search of religious tolerance and to escape the Church of England. They set up towns and started new lives. They molded the colonies and set up a system based on their religious beliefs, because to them, religion and doing for God was of the highest importance. The ideas and values held by the Puritans influenced the political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660's by holding town meetings, having a well-defined work ethic, and doing according to God. Congregational Churches had a democracy.