Essay On Rosa Parks (With Citations)

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A WOMAN OF GREATNESS Rosa Louise Parks was a female African-American civil rights activist. She was born on February 14, 1913, and passed away on October 24, 2005. She is nationally recognized as the mother of the modern day civil rights movement in the United States. She came to light when she was arrested in 1955; a time when the United States was heavily segregated. She was arrested because she refused to give up her seat, and make room for a white passenger who had gotten on the bus after her. Parks, who was a civil rights activist at the time, was not the first activist to have been involved in racial run-ins with the law; other female racial non-conformers of the time include Irene Morgan, Sara Louise Keys, and Claudette Colvin. What made Rosa Park’s racial non-conformity so significant was the fact that her actions played a vital role in sparking the Montgomery bus boycott. Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley to James McCauley, and Leona Edwards of Tuskegee, Alabama. She was of African-American, and Scots-Irish ancestry. After her parents’ separation, Rosa and her mother moved to Pine level, on the outskirts of Montgomery, Alabama. There, she took academic and vocational courses, at the Industrial School for Girls. She also attended the Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes, but was later forced to drop out due to her mother's illness. (Rosa Parks, Jim Haskins. “Rosa Parks: My Story.” 1992. pp. 23). Rosa grew up in a time when the U.S. was heavily segregated. Segregation was more pronounced in the south, due to the harsh Jim Crow laws enacted there; these laws mandated rigid racial segregation in virtually all aspects of American life. In 1932, Rosa married a barber, and active member of the NAACP, Raymond Parks, at her mother’s house. After her marriage, Rosa took numerous jobs, ranging from domestic worker to hospital aide. At her husband's

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