Two of his best used examples were the the popular propaganda speeches made by slave owners in attempt to gain allegiance against the North and the South’s almost hatred of the Republican Party as a whole. One key example that Dew provided was the use of scare tactics by the pro-slave Southerners. In an effort to build an alliance through the South, Southern leaders would use emotion to gain support of the common people. They would give examples of what would happen to them and their families if blacks would be free. These examples would explain how the lives of Southerners would be ruined and that the country would come to an end if slaves were freed.
Abraham Lincolns third annual message to congress 1863 the state of the union address speech, Abraham Lincoln state that he did not want to punish the confederacy he wanted to bring them back into the union and eliminate tension between them. By trying to achieve this goal President Abraham Lincoln and his cabinet came up with the Ten Percent Plan. However many of the Radical Republicans at that time wished to punish the South so they created the Wade Davis bill in the summer of 1864 July,2 named after the writers Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis. The Ten Percent plan stated that southern states could be readmitted into the Union if Ten Percent of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the Union and accepted the 14th amendment that granted citizenship to all those who are born in the United States. Delegates could know be elected to create a new revised state constitution and governments also all southerners would be pardoned accept for high ranking confederate army officers and government officials.
General John Freemont of Missouri attempted to enact an order which would have freed all slaves. General David Hunter, aware of the potential slaves have to turn the tide to the war, also attempted to enact an order which would have abolished slavery in South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Lincoln stops all of these orders from being enacted due to stance of slavery. Lincoln felt that compensated emancipation or colonization for free Blacks in American was the best policy but Union victories increasing in number, Lincoln would enact the Emancipation Proclamation to officially shift the moral authority away from American unity to freedom. The Emancipation Proclamation, initially enacted as a war strategy had been held off for so long because Lincoln believed that making the war about freeing slaves would force slave holding states into seceding from the union but with the end of war in sight, the proclamation is officially
In the second part of the book (47), Freehling explicate the role of the white southerners who were against the Confederation and their role in the Secession Crisis. At that time, Southerners were divided; the Middle South and the Border peoples weren’t so predisposed to Secede. He also explains the event of Fort Sumter in South Carolina (symbolic place of the Independence) which set off the Civil War in April 1861. In the third part of his analyze (83), the author make a point on the role of the Black southerners who opposed the Confederacy and sides White
DBQ Unsure interpretations of the Constitution were the main source of conflict within America between the years 1850-1861. Since a solid compromise had not been created to resolve measures, the slavery quandary within the territories was left ignored and unsolved. In order to keep tranquility within the country, the Constitution allowed slavery to continue, granting thirteen established colonies unity and consequently delayed the eruption of the Civil War for almost a decade. The Constitution contained many assorted compromises and acts for an option that everyone can agree on. Many counter arguments were formed upon what the constitution clearly states, for example the words ‘slaves’ and ‘slavery’ were nowhere to be found within the text of the Constitution and therefore protection of the slave system was annulled of being backed up constitutionally (Doc.
Northern Democrats had a convention in Baltimore and nominated Stephen Douglas with a popular sovereignty position. Southern Democrats had their own Baltimore convention and nominated John C. Breckinridge with a pro-slavery position. The Know-Nothings nominated John Bell of Tennessee. They called themselves the Constitutional Union Party, and tried to mend fences by offering as their platform, simply, the Constitution. A Rail-Splitter Splits the Union The Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, passing up on William "Higher Law" Seward who had too many enemies.
After differences of opinion within the government as to how to go about rebuilding and readmitting the South were agreed upon, it was decided that the Southern states would be coerced to ratify the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. The 13th amendment abolished slavery, the 14th amendment extended citizenship rights to freed slaves, and the 15th amendment gave freed male slaves the right to vote. Even though slavery had been defeated, racial prejudice thrived in post war America. Democrats unleashed anti-black sentiments to rally fellow whites to assimilate under their banner. Thomas Nast’s cartoon, “This is a White Man’s Government”, satirizes the Democratic Party in 1868, depicting the Democrats as the oppressors of the black race, represented by the black Union soldier who fell while carrying the ballot box.
The original concept of the KKK was to be secret Fraternity Club. From 1867 onward, African-American participation in public life in the South became one of the most radical aspects of Reconstruction, as blacks won election to southern state governments and even to the U.S. Congress (Klu Klux Klan). After 1870, Republican state governments in the South turned to Congress for help, resulting in the passage of three Enforcement Acts, the strongest of which was the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871. The KKK later became a more violent and hostile to black Americans. The Klan was targeting black political leaders and other blacks due the Reconstruction.
However, the government continued to shoot down the idea and so the states began to consider secession. Soon after President Lincolns election South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas seceded from the union, and created their own. They did this because they believed Lincoln to be antislavery and looking out mainly for the northern states interest, however he never said that he was antislavery in fact he once said: "I do but quote from one of those speeches when I declare that
(D 447) Lincoln also curtailed civil liberties during the war. He suspended the writ of habeas corpus and ordered military trials for dissidents. He ignored Chief Justice Taney’s decisions against his policies. (M 43; D 299, 303-304, 380, 382) Lincoln’s 1863 decision (D 362-364) to make slavery the main issue of the war also caused major groups in the North to turn against the war. There were Copperhead Democrats in Indiana, draft riots in New York City, and even Northerners serving in the Confederate Army.