Essay On Learned Helplessness

997 Words4 Pages
Rather than focusing on more imperative and valuable affairs such as academic activities, students as of current prefer to accomplish other matters of trivial significance. In many cases, students attribute their poor performance in school to lack of studying rather than pinpointing the lack of intelligence; on other hand, if they perform well, students assume to possessing an exceptional ability because they can perform well without studying (Urdan, 2004). Accordingly, a myriad of research has aimed focus on gender differences in various areas of intellectual achievement (Halpern, 2012; Ang, 2014). As a result, such research paves way in the conduct of policy decisions such as financing sex-segregated education (Lindberg, Hyde, Petersen, & Linn, 2010; Ang, 2014). Learned helplessness has been defined by Vasta, Haith and Miller (1995) as a feeling of incompetence and lack of ability that accumulate from often episodes of failure experience. This usually follows in the presence of uncontrollable events (Curtis, 1989). During uncontrollable situations in which individuals are exposed to and to which they failed consequently to influence an outcome, they develop the notion that their actions are futile as to control future…show more content…
(1978) described self-handicapping as obstacle to successful performance that is constructed by a person to protect or enhance self-esteem. Hence, though such obstacle may meddle with the performance of an individual, it allows the person to discount responsibility for failure and rather take credit for achieved success. If one fails, attribution to poor skill can be discounted because of the presence of another potential cause. If one manages to succeed, the attribution to his outstanding ability will increase because good performance emerged despite the presence of an obstacle (Kelly, 1971). In other words, self-handicapping behaviors are designed so that there are desirable attributions for both success and
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