Essay on King Hsiao's Reforms of Qin.Docx

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Essay on King Hsiao’s Reforms of Qin by Zak St Clair Qin became the dominant power in Feudal China through a range of reforms that were put in place by King Hsiao to give itself an advantage over other states. These reforms include the reformation of the state into districts, the introduction of meritocratic principles, general infrastructural improvements and additions and the introduction of steel weaponry. King Hsiao reformed the state into districts, known as hsien. These hsien were administered by an official who was appointed by and responsible to the king. This let King Hsiao have tighter control over the state and also helped him in keeping a close eye on the happenings of the state in an organized manner, leading to a decrease in crime and an easier implementation of laws, which is supported by Ssu-ma’s writings in the Shih Chi, “By the end of ten years the Qin people were acquiescent. Nothing lost on the road was picked up and pocketed, the hills were free of bandits, every household prospered, men fought bravely on the battlefield but avoided quarrels at home, and good government existed in both town and villages.” He then introduced meritocratic principles by creating eighteen ranks of aristocracy, which all served as purely honorary titles. The land and rank formerly possessed by the aristocracy was used as a reward for military service. Valorous and courageous actions resulted in greater personal prestige and estates for the new aristocracy. This encouraged the populace to enlist into military service for Qin. This is supported by King Hsiao calling generals, artisans and men of talent from other states to Qin, where they would be represented by their achievements and not their lineage, . Irrigation schemes and the building of walls and bridges were implemented. Irrigation schemes and bridges increased the efficiency of the people, allowing them to

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